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Key Concepts PowerPoint

Chapter 1
Chemistry: Matter and Measurement

 
01-01
Title
Elemental composition of the earth and the human body
Caption
Relative abundance of the major constituents of the earth's crust and the human body. In both cases, oxygen is the most abundant element.
Notes
Elemental composition of the earth and the human body
Keywords
elements, composition, abundance
01-021
Title
The modern periodic table
Caption
The periodic table of the elements is organized into 18 groups and 7 periods. Elements are represented by one-or two-letter symbols and are arranged according to atomic number.
Notes
The modern periodic table
Keywords
periodic table, elements
01-02-02UN
Title
Alkali metals
Caption
One of the eight main groups of elements, Group 1A is known as the alkali metals group. Elements in this group are highly reactive and form alkaline (basic) solutions with water.
Notes
The alkali metals: lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, cesium, and francium
Keywords
alkali metals, elements
01-02-04UN
Title
Alkaline earth metals
Caption
One of the eight main groups of elements, Group 2A is known as the alkaline earth metal group. Elements in this group also form alkaline (basic) solutions with water but are less reactive than the Group 1A metals.
Notes
The alkaline earth metals: beryllium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium, and radium
Keywords
alkaline earth, elements
01-02-06UN
Title
Halogens
Caption
One of the eight main groups of elements, Group 7A is known as the halogens group. Elements in this group form salts with metals.
Notes
The halogens: fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, and astatine
Keywords
halogen, elements
01-02-08UN
Title
Noble gases
Caption
One of the eight main groups of elements, Group 8A is known as the noble gas group. Elements in this family have such a low reactivity that they were formerly known as the inert gases.
Notes
The noble gases: helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, and radon
Keywords
noble gases, elements
01-02-10UN
Title
Metal elements
Caption
The majority of the elements in the periodic table are metals of varying degrees of reactivity.
Notes
The metallic elements of the periodic table
Keywords
metals, elements, periodic table
01-02-12UN
Title
Nonmetal elements
Caption
With the exception of hydrogen, nonmetal elements are found on the right side of the periodic table.
Notes
The nonmetallic elements of the periodic table
Keywords
nonmetals, elements, periodic table
01-02-14UN
Title
Semimetal elements
Caption
At the zigzag boundary between the metals and nonmetals, there are elements whose properties are intermediate between metals and nonmetals. These elements are known as the semimetals, or metalloids.
Notes
The semimetals (or metalloids) of the periodic table
Keywords
semimetals, metalloid, elements
01-02-16P1.4UN
Title
Key Concept Problem 1.4
Caption
Use a periodic table to identify the three coinage metals.
Notes
Key Concept Problem 1.4
Keywords
key concept, elements
01-04
Title
Temperature scale comparison
Caption
Figure 1.4 A comparison of the Kelvin, Celsius, and Fahrenheit temperature scales. One Fahrenheit degree is 5/9 the size of a kelvin or Celsius degree.
Notes
The equation relating Celsius and Fahrenheit temperatures obeys the equation of a straight line.
Keywords
temperature
01-05
Title
Relationship between length and volume
Caption
Figure 1.5 A cubic meter is the volume of a cube 1 meter along each edge. Each cubic meter contains 1000 cubic decimeters (liters), and each cubic decimeter contains 1000 cubic centimeters (milliliters).
Notes
Length and volume
Keywords
volume
01-07
Title
Temperature dependence of density
Caption
Figure 1.7 The density of water at different temperatures. Density reaches a maximum value of 1.000 g/mL at 3.98°C.
Notes
Dependence of density on temperature
Keywords
density, water, temperature
01-07-05UN
Title
Significant figures
Caption
In multiplication/division calculations, the number of significant figures in the answer cannot be greater than the number of significant figures in the original numbers.
Notes
Significant figures in multiplication/division calculations
Keywords
significant figures, multiplication, division
01-07-06UN
Title
Significant figures
Caption
In addition/subtraction problems, the answer cannot represent more 'certainty' than any of the original numbers.
Notes
Significant figures in addition/subtraction calculations
Keywords
significant figures, addition, subtraction
01-07-07UNKCP1.15
Title
Key Concept Problem 1.15
Caption
What is the temperature reading of the thermometer and how many significant figures are allowed for this reading?
Notes
Key Concept Problem 1.15
Keywords
key concept, temperature
01-07-09UN
Title
Conversion factors
Caption
Conversion factors can be viewed as a ratio of equivalent quantities.
Notes
Conversion factors in dimensional-analysis method
Keywords
conversion factors
01-07-10UN
Title
Dimensional analysis
Caption
Conversion factors can be inverted for use in a dimensional analysis method calculation in order to convert one unit quantity into another while 'canceling out' the original dimensional unit.
Notes
Dimensional-analysis method
Keywords
conversion factors, dimensional analysis
01-07-11.1UN
Title
Key Concept Summary
Caption
Matter and measurement key concept summary.
Notes
Key Concept Summary for Chapter 1
Keywords
summary
01-07-14UNPr1.21
Title
Periodic table template
Caption
Identify the different categories of elements in the periodic table.
Notes
Periodic table template for use with Key Concept Problems 1.20 and 1.21
Keywords
periodic table
01-07-15UNPr1.22
Title
Key Concept Problem 1.22
Caption
Identify and characterize the elements indicated by the green, blue, and red squares.
Notes
Key Concept Problem 1.22
Keywords
elements
01-07-16UNPr1.23
Title
Key Concept Problem 1.23
Caption
Identify and characterize the radioactive element indicated by the red square.
Notes
Key Concept Problem 1.23
Keywords
elements
01-07-17UNPr1.24
Title
Key Concept Problem 1.24
Caption
Accuracy versus precision.
Notes
Key Concept Problem 1.24
Keywords
accuracy, precision
01-07-18UNPr1.25
Title
Key Concept Problem 1.25
Caption
Determine the volume of liquid in the cylinder and the length of paper clip, and how many significant figures each measurement possesses.
Notes
Key Concept Problem 1.25
Keywords
volume, length, measurement, significant figures
01-07-19UNPr1.26
Title
Accuracy and precision in volume measurement
Caption
Related to Key Concept Problem 1.26.
Notes
Key Concept Problem 1.26
Keywords
volume, measurement, accuracy, precision
01-07-20UN
Title
Key Concept Problem 1.27
Caption
Given three liquids in a graduated cylinder: water, oil, and mercury; identify each liquid in the cylinder according the liquids' densities.
Notes
Key Concept Problem 1.27
Keywords
density
01-TB01
Title
Table 1.1 Names and Symbols of Some Common Elements
Caption
Notes
Keywords
01-TB02
Title
Table 1.2 Some Examples of Physical and Chemical Properties
Caption
Notes
Keywords
01-TB03
Title
Table 1.3 The Seven Fundamental SI Units of Measure
Caption
Notes
Keywords
01-TB04
Title
Table 1.4 Some Prefixes for Multiples of SI Units
Caption
Notes
Keywords
01-TB05
Title
Table 1.5 Some Derived Quantities
Caption
Notes
Keywords
01-TB06
Title
Table 1.6 Densities of Some Common Materials
Caption
Notes
Keywords
01-TB06.01UN
Title
Measurement # Bathroom Scale Lab Balance Analytical Balance
Caption
Measurement # Bathroom Scale Lab Balance Analytical Balance
Notes
Keywords
01-TB07
Title
Table 1.7 Some LD50 Values
Caption
Notes
Keywords

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