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Chapter 18
Fundamentals of Nuclear Chemistry

18-01

Labeled

Title
Alpha decay
Caption
The diagram shows alpha decay and illustrates the nuclear changes that accompany the emission of an alpha particle.
Keywords
alpha, decay, plutonium, uranium, nuclei, emission, mass number, atomic number, transmutaion, radiation
18-01-01UN

Labeled

Title
Beta decay
Caption
The diagram shows that a neutron is transformed into a proton as it ejects a beta particle (an electron) during beta decay.
Keywords
beta, decay, electron, emission, nuclei, mass number, atomic number, transmutation, radiation
18-02

Labeled

Title
Beta decay of carbon-14
Caption
The diagram shows beta decay and illustrates the nuclear changes that accompany the emission of a beta particle.
Keywords
beta, decay, electron, emission, nuclei, mass number, atomic number, carbon, nitrogen, radiation
18-04

Labeled

Title
Penetrating power of radiation
Caption
The diagram illustrates the penetrating power of alpha, beta, and gamma radiation through paper, aluminum, and lead. The extent to which a material is penetrated by radiation depends on both the kind of radiation and the kind of material being bombarded.
Keywords
alpha, beta, gamma, penetrating power, radiation. density
18-05

Labeled

Title
Penetrating power analogy
Caption
Shooting radioactive particles through matter is like rolling rocks through a field of boulders - the larger rocks are more quickly stopped.
Keywords
alpha, beta, gamma, penetrating power, analogy, boulders, radiation
18-06

Labeled

Title
Radioactive decay of tritium
Caption
The graph shows the effect of radioavtive decay on the number of tritium atoms remaining as a function of time, beginning with an initial sample of 16 billion atoms.
Keywords
tritium, half-life, beta, decay, radioactive, isotope, radiation, radioisotope
18-09

Labeled

Title
Uranium-238 decay series
Caption
The chart shows the uranium-238 decay series. Each alpha particle emission reduces the mass number of an atom by 4 and the atomic number by 2. The emission of a beta particle raises the atomic number of an atom by 1 but does not change the mass number.
Keywords
decay, series, uranium-238, lead-206, alpha, beta, atomic number, mass number, raioactive, isotope
18-10

Labeled

Title
Pi chart showing radiation exposure
Caption
Most of our exposure to radiation comes from natural sources (82%). The largest single contribution is from radon (55%)
Keywords
radiation, exposure, radiation, background, damage, potassium-40, chart, radon, radioactive
18-12

Labeled

Title
Positron emission
Caption
The diagram illustrates the nuclear change accompanying positron emission.
Keywords
positron, electron, emission, nuclei, mass number, atomic number, transmutation, radiation, nuclear
18-19

Labeled

Title
Splitting of a uranium atom
Caption
The diagram illustrates the splitting of a uranium atom. The neutrons produced in this fission can split other uranium atoms, thus sustaining a chain reaction. The splitting of one uranium-235 atom yields 8.9 x 10-15 kWh of energy. Fission of a mole of uranium-235 produces 5,300,000 kWH of energy.
Keywords
nuclear, fission, splitting, uranium, neutron, chain reaction, energy
18-20

Labeled

Title
Nuclear chain reaction
Caption
Schematic representation of a nuclear chain reaction. Neutrons released in the fission of one uranium-235 nucleus can strike another nucleus, causing it to split and release more fragments. For simplicity, fission fragments are not shown.
Keywords
nuclear, fission, splitting, uranium, neutron, chain reaction, energy
18-22

Labeled

Title
Nuclear power plant
Caption
Schematic diagram of a nuclear power plant used to generate electricity.
Keywords
nuclear power, light water, reactor, turbine, steam generator, heat exchanger, electricity, fission, cahin reaction

Labeled

Title
Rutherford Experiment: Nuclear Atom
Caption
Keywords

Labeled

Title
"Separation of Alpha, Beta, and Gamma Rays"
Caption
Keywords

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