Glossary of Acronyms

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L |M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | XYZ  

1:1:  One-to-One

1:M:  One-to-Many

1NF:  First Normal Form

2NF:  Second Normal Form

3GL:  Third-Generation Language

3NF:  Third Normal Form

4NF:  Fourth Normal Form

5NF:  Fifth Normal Form

A 

ACID:  Atomic, Consistent, Isolated, and Durable

ACM:  Association for Computing Machinery

AITP:  Association of Information Technology Professionals

ANSI:  American National Standards Institute

API:  Application Program Interface

ASCII:  American Standards Code for Information Interchange

ASP:  Active Server Pages

ATM:  Automated Teller Machine

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B 

BCNF:  Boyce-Codd Normal Form

BOM:  Bill of Materials

BPEL4WS:  Business Process Execution Language for Web Services

B2B:  Business-to-Business

B2C:  Business-to-Consumer

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C 

CAD/CAM:  Computer-Aided Design/Computer-Aided Manufacturing

CASE:  Computer-Aided Software Engineering

CD-ROM:  Compact Disk-Read-Only Memory

CFML:  ColdFusion Markup Language

CGI:  Common Gateway Interface

CIF:  Corporate Information Factory

COM:  Component Object Model

CPU:  Central Processor Unit

CRM:  Customer Relationship Management

C/S:  Client/Server

CSF:  Critical Success Factor

CSS:  Cascading Style Sheets

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D 

DA:  Data Administrator (or Data Administration)

DBA:  Database Administrator (or Database Administration)

DBD:  Database Description

DBMS:  Database Management System

DB2:  Data Base2 (an IBM Relational DBMS)

DCL:  Data Control Language

DDL:  Data Definition Language

DES:  Data Encryption Standard

DFD:  Data Flow Diagram

DHTML:  Dynamic Hypertext Markup Language

DK/NF:  Domain-Key Normal Form

DLL:  Dynamic Link Libraries

DML:  Data Manipulation Language

DNS:  Domain Name Server

DSS:  Decision Support System

DTD:  Data Type Definitions

DWA:  Data Warehouse Administrator

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E 

EDI:  Electronic Data Interchange

EDW:  Enterprise Data Warehouse

EER:  Extended Entity-Relationship

EFT:  Electronic Funds Transfer

E-R:  Entity-Relationship

ERD:  Entity-Relationship Diagram

ERP:  Enterprise Resource Planning

ETL:  Extract-Transform-Load

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F 

FK:  Foreign Key

FTP:  File Transfer Protocol

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G 

GPA:  Grade Point Average

GUI:  Graphical User Interface

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H 

HTML:  Hypertext Markup Language

HTTP:  Hypertext Transfer Protocol

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I 

IBM:  International Business Machines

I-CASE:  Integrated Computer-Aided Software Engineering

ID:  Identifier

IDS:  Intrusion Detection System

I/O:  Input/Output

IP:  Internet Protocol

IRDS:  Information Repository Dictionary System

IRM:  Information Resource Management

IS:  Information System

ISA:  Information Systems Architecture

ISAM:  Indexed Sequential Access Method

ISO:  International Standards Organization

IT:  Information Technology

ITAA:  Information Technology Association of America

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J 

J2EE:  Java 2 Enterprise Edition

JDBC:  Java Database Connectivity

JSP:  Java Server Pages

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K 

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L 

LAN:  Local Area Network

LDB:  Logical Database

LDBR:  Logical Database Record

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M 

MB:  Million Bytes

MIS:  Management Information System

M:N:  Many-to-Many

M:1:  Many-to-One

MOLAP:  Multidimensional On-line Analytical Processing

MPP:  Massively Parallel Processing

MRP:  Materials Requirements Planning

MS:  Microsoft

MVCH:  Mountain View Community Hospital

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N 

NUPI:  Nonunique Primary Index

NUSI:  Nonunique Secondary Index

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O 

ODBC:  Open Database Connectivity

ODBMS:  Object Database Management System

ODL:  Object Definition Language

ODS:  Operational Data Store

OLAP:  On-line Analytical Processing

OLE:  Object Linking and Embedding

OLTP:  On-line Transaction Processing

OO:  Object-Oriented

OODM:  Object-Oriented Data Model

OQL:  Object Query Language

O/R:  Object/Relational

ORDBMS:  Object-Relational Database Management System

OSAM:  Overflow Sequential Access Method

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P 

PC:  Personal Computer

PDA:  Personal Data Assistant

PIN:  Personal Identification Number

PK:  Primary Key

PL/SQL:  Programming Language/SQL

PVF:  Pine Valley Furniture

PVFC:  Pine Valley Furniture Company

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Q 

QBE:  Query-by-Example

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R 

RAD:  Rapid Application Development

RAID:  Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks

RAM:  Random Access Memory

RDBMS:  Relational Database Management System

ROLAP:  Relational On-line Analytical Processing

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S 

SAML:  Security Assertion Markup Language

SDLC:  Systems Development Life Cycle

SGML:  Standard Generalized Markup Language

SMP:  Symmetric Multiprocessing

SOAP:  Simple Object Access Protocol

SQL:  Structured Query Language

SQL/CLI:  SQL/Call Level Interface

SQL/DS:  Structured Query Language/Data System (an IBM relational DBMS)

SQL/PSM:  SQL/Persistent Stored Modules

SSL:  Secure Sockets Layer

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T 

TCP/IP:  Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

TDWI:  The Data Warehousing Institute

TQM:  Total Quality Management

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U 

UDDI:  Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration

UDF:  User-Defined Function

UDT:  User-Defined Data Type

UML:  Unified Modeling Language

UPI:  Unique Primary Index

URL:  Uniform Resource Locator

USI:  Unique Secondary Index

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V 

VBA:  Visual Basic for Applications

VLDB:  Very Large Database

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W 

W3C:  World Wide Web Consortium

WSDL:  Web Services Description Language

WWW:  World Wide Web

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XYZ 

XHTML:  Extensible Hypertext Markup Language

XML:  Extensible Markup Language

XSL:  Extensible Style Language

XSLT:  XML Style Language Transformation

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