Chapter 24 explores the complexities of the decade of the 1920s. Included in this chapter are examinations of the post-World War I economy, the Republican domination of national politics, the continued expansion of urbanization, the emergence of a mass culture, the opposition to modernism, and America's new foreign policy challenges after World War I.
After reading this chapter you should be able to:
- Identify the industries that most contributed to the booming American economy of the 1920s and define the term "oligopoly" and its significance to American corporate development.
- Define "welfare capitalism" and explain its relevance to corporate treatment of labor; explain the deteriorating status of labor unions during the 1920s.
- Identify and describe the conditions of the "sick industries" of the 1920s.
- Identify ways in which the Harding administration aided business and the political scandals that occurred during the Harding administration.
- Explain how the Coolidge administration established "Coolidge prosperity."
- List the factors that contributed to a general decline of interest in women's issues.
- Explain the factors that led to urban growth, and identify the major factors leading to the Great Migration of the 1920s.
- Identify Marcus Garvey, explain the term "Harlem Renaissance", and identify the key black writers associated with this movement.
- Describe the living conditions among Hispanic immigrants during the 1920s.
- Describe the impact of the automobile and suburbanization on the lives of middle-class Americans.
- Describe some of the methods used by advertisers to promote consumerism and explain the significance of consumer credit to the American economy.
- Identify the industries impacted by the increased interest in leisure and entertainment.
- Explain the term "Jazz Age" and why it is often used to describe the 1920s; explain the term "The New Morality" and identify the factors that contributed to its emergence.
- Identify the "Lost Generation" and connect the term to the major American literary figures of the time.
- Distinguish the modern Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s from its Reconstruction predecessor.
- Identify why increasing numbers of Americans began to question Prohibition during the 1920s.
- Define the term "fundamentalism" and explain its significance to the Scopes trial.
- Identify how the United States was changed into a creditor nation and give examples of international agreements signed during the 1920s that rejected the principles of war.