Chapter 15 offers an overview to the Civil War. Special emphasis is given to the relative advantages and disadvantages of each side on the eve of war, military strategies, changing feelings and attitudes about the length and nature of the war, and the major campaigns and battles. This chapter also addresses the impact of the war on Northern and Southern
economic, political, and social life; the effect of the war on slavery, including the Emancipation Proclamation and the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution; and concludes with an assessment of the overall impact of the war on the United States.
After reading this chapter you should be able to:
- Describe the initial responses in the North and South to the outbreak of Civil War and analyze the advantages and disadvantages of the North and South.
- Describe the difficulties the South faced in terms of leadership and the "states' rights" doctrine.
- Outline the Union and Confederate strategies and campaigns of the early war in the East and the West.
- Describe camp life and the role of women as nurses during the Civil War.
- Explain the European response to the Civil War, including why the Confederacy did not receive diplomatic recognition.
- Point out the reasons why the Battle of Antietam is considered a major turning point.
- Outline the provisions of the Emancipation Proclamation and its significance.
- Explain the importance of the Union victories at Gettysburg and Vicksburg.
- Summarize the actions of Lincoln and the Republicans in conducting and financing the war.
- Describe the impact of the Civil War on the Northern economy, including its effect on both industrial and agricultural production as well as its impact on the status of the laboring class.
- Describe the impact of the Civil War on the Southern politics, economy, and morale.
- Discuss the major strategies, battles, and outcomes from 1863 to 1865 in the Eastern and Western theatres of war.
- Explain the importance of Lincoln's assassination to the future of the nation.