Chapter 21: Energy and Mineral Resources

Chapter Test

Select the most appropriate response for each of the following questions.

1. Which of the following statements is true of renewable resources?  

2. Examples of renewable resources include copper, coal, and uranium.  
3. Which of the following is a nonrenewable resource?  

4. Nearly 90% of the energy in the United States is supplied by __________.  

5. Which of the following is NOT a fossil fuel?  

6. An oil trap is a(n) __________.  

7. Tar sands and oil shale represent two potential sources of petroleum for the future.  
8. Tar sands are __________.  

9. Nearly 50% of our air pollution is a consequence of __________.  

10. Sulfur found in coal is ultimately responsible for adverse ecological effects of acid precipitation.  
11. The mechanism responsible for heating the lower atmosphere is referred to as the __________ effect.  

12. Global temperatures are increasing.  
13. Currently, most nuclear energy is produced by __________.  

14. Which of the following is NOT an energy source in substantial use today?  

15. Which of these resources is mined most often from igneous rocks?  

16. Most metallic ore deposits are formed by __________.  

17. __________ is one example of a resource produced by weathering.  

18. The most versatile and widely used rock is __________.  

19. According to your textbook, which of these resources has the highest annual per capita consumption in the United States?  

20. Examine the information about hydrothermal vents (black smokers) at this University of Washington site. What type of mineral resource is abundant in these deposits?  

21. Why are the types of deposits discussed in this University of Washington site considered to be nonrenewable?  

22. According to the information at this Department of Energy (DOE) site, U.S. consumption of renewable energy resources __________ between 1997 and 2001.  

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