EARTH: AN INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL GEOLOGY

Chapter 2: Plate Tectonics: A Scientific Revolution Unfolds

Further Study


Grand Teton National Park (National Park Service)We have made a concerted effort to search the Web for relevant material, but no matter how hard we try, there will always be more information available than we can possibly examine.

However, the following list contains links to many of the most interesting and informative Web sites related to topics explored in the chapter that we were able to locate. Check them out, but make sure you come back to do more investigating when you're done.


American Geophysical Union (AGU)

For over 75 years, American Geophysical Union (AGU) researchers, teachers, and science administrators have dedicated themselves to advancing the understanding of the Earth and its environment in space and making the results available to the public.
Ask a Geologist (USGS)

Have a geological question? Here is your chance to ask it.
Dynamic Earth Tutorial (USGS)

This site includes an excellent online, interactive plate tectonics tutorial from the United States Geological Survey.
Global Earth History

The Global Earth History site uses a series of plate tectonic reconstructions to show the broad patterns of Phanerozoic Earth history.
Hawaii Undersea Geo-Observatory (HUGO)

The Hawaii Undersea Geo-Observatory (HUGO) is an automated submarine volcano observatory installed on the summit of the undersea Loihi seamount and connected to the shore via fiber optic cable.
Hot Spot Activity (Geosphere)

Here is an excellent interactive activity on hot spots from the University of Montana's Geosphere. With this activity, learners study mantle convection and utilize image processing techniques to determine sizes of geologic formations of Hawaii and Yellowstone National Park from remote sensing data. (NOTE: Give the site time to open, it's worth the wait.)
JOIDES Resolution Page

The JOIDES Resolution is the drillship of the Ocean Drilling Program.
Map of Plate Boundaries (animated)

This site has a map of plate boundaries from the National Earthquake Information Center.
Erupting volcano (E.J. Tarbuck)
Marine Geology & Geophysics (NGDC)

The Marine Geology & Geophysics Division of the NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) and the collocated World Data Center A for Marine Geology and Geophysics (WDC-A for MGG) compiles and maintains extensive databases in both coastal and open ocean areas.
Moving Plates Activity (Geosphere)

Here is an excellent interactive activity on calculating plate motion from the University of Montana's Geosphere. With this activity, learners use numeric representations to identify the positions and perform absolute/relative plate motion calculations using Internet resources. (NOTE: Give the site time to open, it's worth the wait.)
Nordic Volcanological Institute

This site contains the geology and tectonics of Iceland.
Ocean Drilling Program
The Ocean Drilling Program home page has links to related agencies and institutions.
Ocean Floor Ages Map

A great global map illustrates ocean floor ages from NOAA.
Ocean Floor Animations

Here is a good visualization of the Pacific hemisphere plate tectonic history along with other related animations.
Ocean Floor Datasets

This site contains ocean floor data and images from Columbia University.
Plate Motion Calculator

This site provides an interactive plate motion calculator from the University of Tokyo.
Plate Motion Calculator (UNAVCO)

This program is designed for the calculation of plate motion at any location on Earth. You can specify the tectonic plate or, with the AUTO option, let the program determine which plate the point is on. The program returns with the plate model velocity components (Evel, the east velocity, and Nvel, the north velocity) in mm/yr.
Plate Tectonics Activity (Geosphere)

Here is an excellent interactive activity on plate tectonics from the University of Montana's Geosphere. With this activity, learners use current satellite images to determine sea floor spreading rates, identify relationships between earthquake epicenters and sites of active volcanism, and create a scale model of the Earth's layered structure. (NOTE: Give the site time to open, it's worth the wait.)
Plate Tectonics Animations

Excellent animations of faults, plate subduction, earthquake wave propagation, and other processes come from PBS' Savage Earth program.
Plate Tectonics Animations (USGS)

Great plate tectonics animations come from the United States Geological Survey -- a must see!
Plate Tectonics Information (NEIS)

Here is the National Earthquake Information Center (NEIS) plate tectonics information.
Mountain Range (Corel)
Plate Tectonics Information (USGS)

United States Geologic Survey (USGS) has information on plate tectonics and sea-floor spreading.
Plate Tectonics Links

This Central Michigan University site, maintained by Dr. Mark Francek, lists several good links to sites containing information relative to topics discussed in the chapter.
Plate Tectonics (NASA's Observatorium)

Here is a good tutorial on plate tectonics.
Plate Tectonics Tutorial (1 of 2)

Here are plate tectonics tutorials from Texas A & M University.
Plate Tectonics Tutorial (2 of 2)

Here are plate tectonics tutorials from Texas A & M University.
Plate Tectonics Tutorial (VolcanoWorld)

This is an in-depth review of plate tectonics from VolcanoWorld.
Plate Tectonics (University of California - Berkeley)

This University of California - Berkeley site explains the history and science of tectonics and also contains animations showing the movement of plates.
Related Topics Index

Information on several topics related to plate tectonics is from the University of North Dakota's Volcano World site.
San Andreas Fault and the Bay Area

Here is a virtual field trip along the San Andreas fault.
Scripps Institution of Oceanography

The Scripps Institution of Oceanography home page features numerous links to related oceanography Web sites.
Tectonic Plate Motion (Space Geodesy)

This is an excellent site that explains how NASA monitors plate motions.
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI)

Scientists at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), a world leader in the field of oceanography, have been probing the mysteries of the oceans for more than 65 years.
World Data Center for Marine Geology and Geophysics

The World Data Center for Marine Geology and Geophysics promotes excellence in archiving, managing, and exchanging data obtained from measurements of the seafloor.




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