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Introduction

Chapter 6 has two parts. In the first part, you will learn about all the different kinds of isomers that are possible for organic compounds. Use the "Stereoisomer Family Tree" to classify the different kinds of isomers so you can keep them straight.

You will also learn about some of the properties of chiral compounds, including the ability of a chiral compound to rotate a plane of polarized light and how to measure its specific rotation.

When you studied the reactions of alkenes in Chapter 5, you were expected to be able to determine the product of each reaction. If the product could exist as isomers, however, you were not expected to predict which isomers of the product were formed because you didn’t know anything about isomers. The end of this chapter combines what you just learned about isomers with what you learned in Chapter 5 about reactions of alkenes. We will go back and look at some of the alkene reactions that you learned in Chapter 5, but now, in addition to being able to determine the product that is formed when an alkene undergoes a reaction, you will learn to determine what isomers of that product are formed.




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