Passage I (Questions 1-8)

By tabulating standard thermodynamic functions, we gain the ability to calculate thermodynamic properties for a broad range of reactions. We can calculate not only the basic state functions, but also related quantities such as the equilibrium constant.

The table below lists various thermodynamic properties -- standard enthalpies and free energies of formation, absolute entropies, and standard heat capacities -- for a range of hydrocarbons and oxygen-containing compounds. All compounds are in the gaseous state unless otherwise noted.