The Approach of Cognitive Psychology
After completing this chapter you should be able to:
- Summarize the two types of assumptions that people make when they study the mind.
- Describe how philosophers, ranging from the ancient Greeks through the 19th century, attempted to study the mind.
- Distinguish between deterministic vs. nondeterministic views and between nativist vs. empiricist positions.
- Assess the accomplishments of possible candidates for the title of "founder of modern psychology." Nominate one person for the title and justify your selection.
- Compare and contrast the founders and tenets of the structuralist and functionalist schools of psychology. Explain how problems with each of these schools led to the rise of behaviorism.
- List the basic principles of behaviorism and discuss its successes and failures.
- Discuss the strengths and pitfalls of using abstract constructs in general, and the computer metaphor in particular, to account for intelligent behavior.
- Summarize the controversy over language that arose between Noam Chomsky and B.F. Skinner.
- To understand the modern cognitive perspective and speculate on its future.