- Distinguish between "altruism" and "prosocial behavior."
- Explain how the evolutionary perspective, the sociocultural perspective,
and the learning perspective explain helping behavior.
- Describe the steps in Latane and Darleys decision-making model of
helping, and indicate what can prevent helping from occurring at
- Describe how attribution theory explains who we are more willing to help.
- Describe how mood, empathy, personal distress, personality characteristics,
and gender influence helping.
- Define the "bystander effect" and explain why it occurs.
- Describe how environmental conditions such as noise, community size,
temperature, and time pressures can affect helping.
- Describe the motives involved in volunteering.
- Describe the benefits and the costs of care-taking as a form of helping.
- Explain why being helped can engender both positive and negative feelings.