Chapter 9 examines the Christian religion. Topics covered include the Christian Bible, the life and teachings of Jesus, the early church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, Medieval Roman Catholicism, the Protestant Reformation, the Roman Catholic Reformation, the impact of the Enlightenment, the Second Vatican Council, central beliefs, sacred practices, and contemporary trends.
After reading this chapter, you should:
1. Have an understanding of the background of Christianity.
2. Be familiar with the life and teachings of Jesus.
3. Be aware of the major divisions of Christianity and denominations within Protestantism.
4. Recognize the central religious beliefs, practices, and special events.
5. Recognize important people in the development of Christianity.
6. Be aware of contemporary trends within Christianity.
7. Recognize important terms such as New Testament, Old Testament, gospel, synoptic gospels, "Q," apocalyptic, parables, Christ, Messiah, crucifixion, resurrection, Second Coming, Holy Trinity, Gnosticism, creeds, monasticism, pope, synod, icons, excommunication, Inquisition, indulgences, Purgatory, justification, Protestantism, denominations, dogmas, transubstantiation, ecumenism, sacrament, liturgy, the Eucharist, mass, penance, baptism, confirmation, evangelicalism, charismatics, and liberation theology.