Chapter 8 examines Judaism beginning with the history of the Jewish people. This section includes central Biblical stories, the Zoroastrian influence, Rabbinic Judaism, Judaism in the Middle Ages, Enlightenment, Kabbalah and Hasidism, American Judaism, the Holocaust, and Zionism. The chapter covers religious beliefs and practices in a description of the Torah, sacred practices, holy days, and contemporary Judaism.
After reading this chapter, you should:
1. Have an understanding of the historical basis of Judaism.
2. Recognize important Biblical figures and their contributions to the religion.
3. Understand the post-Biblical developments within Judaism.
4. Recognize the major religious beliefs, practices, and holy days.
5. Be aware of the major groups within contemporary Judaism.
6. Recognize important terms and phrases such as Torah, Nevi'im, Kethuvim, Tanakh, Talmud, Pentateuch, Semite, Ark of the Covenant, Gentiles, Zoroastrianism, Sadducees, Pharisees, Essenes, Zealots, Messiah, rabbis, synagogues, midrash, Misnah, diaspora, oral Torah, written Torah, Shekhinah, Kabbalah, Hasidism, tzaddik, Zionism, mitzvot, minyan, Sabbath, kosher, t'fillin, Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot, Purim, Hanukkah, Bar Mitzvah, and Bat Mitzvah.