Physical Development in Infancy
After studying this chapter, you should be able to:
- Understand how growth occurs in infancy.
- Describe the development of the nervous system and its components.
- Explain how brain development is susceptible to environmental influences.
- Define a sensitive period.
- Describe how neonates integrate their bodily systems.
Explain the importance of sleep to infants.
- Describe reflexes and understand why they are important.
- Understand the development of motor skills in infancy.
- Explain the concept of developmental norms, how they are determined, and their limitations.
- Recognize the cultural dimensions of motor development.
- Understand the effects of not having proper nutrition in infancy.
- Explain the benefits of breast feeding.
- Understand the processes that underlie infants' understanding of the world around them.
- Describe visual perception in infancy.
- Describe auditory perception in infancy.
- Understand infants' sense of taste and smell and sensitivity to pain and touch.
- Define the multimodal approach to perception.
- Describe how parents can ensure that their infants receive sufficient physical and sensory stimulation.