The Start of Life: Genetics and...
After studying this chapter, you should be able to:
- To understand the basics of heredity and how characteristics are transmitted genetically from biological parents to their children.
- To explain the diversity of human beings and the special case of multiple births.
- To identify how the sex of a child is determined.
- To discuss the basic mechanisms involved in the way genes transmit information.
- To understand the impact of the mapping of the human genome.
- To explain how human development can go awry.
- To understand prenatal assessment and genetic counseling.
- To explain the role of the environment in determining genetic expression.
- To describe the strategies researchers use to resolve the question of the degree to which traits, characteristics, and behavior are produced by genetic or environmental factors.
- To recognize which characteristics are significantly influenced by heredity and which are more influenced by environment.
- Describe how a culture's philosophical outlook might be determined by genetics.
- Understand the role of genetics and environment in psychological disorders.
- Explain how one's genetic endowment can actively influence their environment.
- Describe the process of fertilization.
- Identify alternative routes to pregnancy.
- Understand the stages of the prenatal period.
- Explain how a pregnancy can end prior to birth.
- Understand the threats to development during the prenatal period.
- Describe how to optimize the prenatal environment.