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Chapter Exam



This activity contains 22 questions.

Question 1.
_________ conditioning is learning that occurs when two stimuli, a conditioned stimulus (originally a neutral stimulus) and an unconditioned stimulus are paired and become associated with each other.

 
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Question 2.
_________ is a general term for the reduction and elimination of behaviors; in classical conditioning this occurs when repeated presentation of the CS alone leads to a reduction in the strength of the CR

 
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Question 3.
Marta has just received three dollars for cleaning her room. Marta has received a _______ _________.

 
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Question 4.
A reinforcement schedule in which reinforcement is based on the number of responses is called a ________ schedule

 
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Question 5.
The Law of ______ is Thorndike's view that reinforcers promote learning, whereas punishers lead to the unlearning of responses .

 
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Question 6.
Learning that occurs through watching and imitating the behavior of others is called ____________ learning.

 
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Question 7.
Eduardo is terribly afraid of birds and will not go outside. Eduardo may be suffering from a/an _______.

 
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Question 8.
Jim's dog Ruffy salivates everytime he smells food. The salivation is the __

 
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Question 9.
A neutral stimulus is a stimulus that, before conditioning, elicits a particular response.

   
 
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Question 10.
Osmann becomes hungry at noon each day. This is likely the result of classical conditioning.

   
 
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Question 11.
When Tamika says "thank you" her mother tells her she is good and hugs her. Tamika's mother is using an operant learning technique.

   
 
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Question 12.
Jake gets a dollar for every time he does his homework. This is an example of classical conditioning.

   
 
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Question 13.
________ is a relatively permanent change in behavior or the potential to make a response that occurs as a result of experience.

 
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Question 14.
Spontaneous ________ is the reappearance of an extinguished conditioned response after the passage of time.

 
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Question 15.
Mary does her homework when she is offered something to eat. The food is a ________ reinforcer.

 
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Question 16.



 
To create paragraphs in your essay response, type <p> at the beginning of the paragraph, and </p> at the end.

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Question 17.



 
To create paragraphs in your essay response, type <p> at the beginning of the paragraph, and </p> at the end.

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Question 18.
Within the question text below, there is one text entry field where you can enter your answer.

Eustinia dislikes oranges because her mother always gave them to her during illness. This is an example of taste learning. 
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Question 19.
Within the question text below, there is one text entry field where you can enter your answer.

Bob receives his paycheck every two weeks. This is an example of a/an reinforcement schedule. 
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Question 20.
Within the question text below, there is one text entry field where you can enter your answer.

learning is learning that has occurred but is not demonstrated .  
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Question 21.
Match the following terms with their definitions



A matching question presents 6 answer choices and 6 items. The answer choices are lettered A through F. The items are numbered 21.1 through 21.6. Screen readers will read the answer choices first. Then each item will be presented along with a select menu for choosing an answer choice. Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A Stimulus that has innate reinforcing properties
B Event or stimulus presented after the target response that increases the likelihood that this response will occur again
C The process of using an unpleasant thing or event to decrease response rate.
D Stimulus that acquires reinforcing properties by being associated with a primary reinforcer
E A form of operant conditioning in which a desired response is taught by reinforcement of successive responses that more closely resemble the target response
F Event or stimulus removed after the target response, thereby increasing the likelihood that this response will occur again
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Question 22.
Match the following terms with their definitions.



A matching question presents 6 answer choices and 6 items. The answer choices are lettered A through F. The items are numbered 22.1 through 22.6. Screen readers will read the answer choices first. Then each item will be presented along with a select menu for choosing an answer choice. Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A Preset pattern for delivering reinforcement
B Thorndike's view that reinforcers promote learning, whereas punishers lead to the unlearning of responses
C Stimulus or signal telling the participant that responding will be reinforced
D Sudden grasp of a concept or the solution to a problem that results from perceptual restructuring; typically characterized by an immediate change in behavior
E Occurrence of responses to stimuli that are similar to a conditioned stimulus
F Stimulus that, before conditioning, does not elicit a particular response
 
 
 
 
 
 
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