
1 . 

Exceptive propositions may be treated as the conjunction of two general propositions. [Hint]


2 . 

"All Americans are either Democrats or Republicans" can be symbolized as (x) (Ax Dx) (x) (Ax Rx). [Hint]


3 . 

"All adults, except pregnant women, may drink wine at dinner" may be translated as (x) (Dx ~Px) where D = drink wine at dinner and P = pregnant women. [Hint]


4 . 

"(x)(Ax Bx) (x) (Cx Bx)" can also be written as "(x) (Ax Cx) Bx". [Hint]


5 . 

Asyllogistic arguments can be reduced to standardform categorical syllogisms using quantification. [Hint]


