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Basic Logical Concepts
Objectives

Chapter 1, "Basic Logical Concepts," is a broad introduction to the principles of correct reasoning. It explains how propositions are used to form arguments, with premises that support a conclusion. It then moves to a discussion of how such arguments can be analyzed by paraphrasing and diagramming.

After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

  1. Recognize the parts of an argument: premises and conclusion.
  2. Distinguish real arguments from mere explanations.
  3. Understand the difference between deductive and inductive arguments.
  4. Examine the relations between true propositions and the validity of deductive arguments.
  5. Diagram complex arguments.
  6. Use a matrix to help solve complex logical problems.
  7. Use retrograde reasoning to reason backward to an earlier situation.

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