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Test Yourself

Pick the best answer.

This activity contains 29 questions.

Question 1.
In the definition of psychology, mental processes means

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Question 2.
A psychologist is interested in finding out why identical twins have different personalities. This psychologist is most interested in the goal of

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Question 3.
Psychologists who give potential employees tests that determine what kind of job those employees might best fit are interested in the goal of

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Question 4.
Which early theorist developed his perspective on psychology by basing it on Darwin's "survival of the fittest" doctrine?

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Question 5.
"The whole is greater than the sum of the parts" is a statement associated with the perspective of

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Question 6.
__________ was (were) the focus of Watson's behaviorism.

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Question 7.
Who is most associated with the technique of introspection?

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Question 8.
Who was denied a Ph.D. despite completing all the requirements for earning the degree?

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Question 9.
Which perspective focuses on free will and self-actualization?

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Question 10.
Jenna suffers from a nervous tic of washing her hands repeatedly and being unable to resist washing them again and again. Which perspective would explain Jenna's hand-washing behavior as a result of repressed conflicts?

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Question 11.
Which perspective looks at perception, learning, and memory?

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Question 12.
Which perspective assumes that human behavior may have developed in certain directions because it served a useful function in preserving the species?

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Question 13.
Which of the following professionals in psychology has the broadest area of interests and functions?

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Question 14.
A person who has suffered a major stroke and is now experiencing severe personality problems because of the damage would best be advised to see a

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Question 15.
Which of the following specialties in psychology provides diagnosis and treatment for less serious mental problems such as adjustment disorders?

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Question 16.
In the scientific method, forming an educated guess is called

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Question 17.
Harlan wanted to write realistically about street gangs, so he pretended to be a teenager and joined a real gang. This is most similar to the method of

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Question 18.
The main advantage of a case study is

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Question 19.
The entire group that a researcher is interested in is called a

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Question 20.
Professor Jones surveyed her six classes and found that students who slept less than five hours the night before the exam received lower exam scores than those students who slept seven hours or more. What kind of correlation is this relationship between hours of sleep and scores?

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Question 21.
Drinking orange juice is negatively correlated with lowered risk of cancer. Based on this information, which of the following statements is true?

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Question 22.
A researcher designs an experiment to test the effects of playing video games on memory. What would be the dependent variable?

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Question 23.
In that same experiment, the experimental group would

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Question 24.
In Dr. Amabile's experiment on creativity and reward, what was the independent variable?

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Question 25.
In a __________ study, only the experimenter knows who is in the control group and who is in the experimental group.

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Question 26.
Double-blind studies control for

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Question 27.
Dr. Silverberg conducted a study in which she tests infants for memory ability. Before she can begin her study, she must obtain

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Question 28.
Several years ago two scientists announced that they had achieved "cold fusion" in the laboratory, but further studies failed to replicate their findings and later they found that the original scientists had used sloppy methods. This highlights which of the following critical thinking principles?

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Question 29.
Which pseudopsychology claims to understand personality through a study of the positions of heavenly bodies?

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