Social Cognition: How We Think about...
Learning objectives for Chapter 3:
- Define a schema and describe the functions of schemas (pp. 59-63).
- Describe how priming increases accessibility, and how these processes influence which schemas are applied (pp. 63-66).
- Describe how schemas can create a self-fulfilling prophecy (pp. 67-71).
- Describe the role of culture in the development of schemas (pp. 71-74).
- Define judgmental heuristics (p. 74).
- Describe the availability heuristic, and how it is used in social judgment (pp. 75-77).
- Describe the representativeness heuristic, and how it is used in social judgment (pp. 77-78).
- Describe the anchoring and adjustment heuristic, how it is used in social judgment, and how it is a form of automatic thinking (pp. 78-82).
- Describe the concept of "automatic believing" and how controlled processing can overcome this tendency (pp. 84-85).
- Describe how thought suppression can backfire (pp. 85-87).
- Define counterfactual thinking and describe how it can have paradoxical effects on peoples emotions (p. 87).
- Describe how formal training can impact peoples reasoning ability (pp. 90-91).
- Distinguish between automatic and controlled thought (entire chapter).