Upon completion of this chapter, you should be able to:
- define thermodynamic systems and states of systems, and explain how thermal processes affect such systems.
- explain the relationship among internal energy, heat, and work as expressed by the first law of thermodynamics, and learn the technique for calculating work done by gases.
- describe and understand the four fundamental thermodynamic processes using an ideal gas and analyze the work done, heat flow, and change in internal energy that occur during each of these processes.
- state and explain the second law of thermodynamics in several forms and explain the concept of entropy.
- explain the concept of a heat engine and compute thermal efficiency, and explain the concept of a thermal pump and compute coefficient of performance.
- explain how the Carnot cycle applies to heat engines, compute the ideal Carnot efficiency, and state the third law of thermodynamics.