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Home  arrow Chapter 16  arrow Chapter Test

Chapter Test

Read each question carefully and choose the best answer.

This activity contains 28 questions.

Question 1.
Essentially all important weather occurs in the stratosphere.


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Question 2.
The state of the atmosphere at a given time and place is known as

 
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Question 3.
The terms weather and climate can be used interchangeably.


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Question 4.
Which one of the following is not generally considered a major element of weather and climate?


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Question 5.
A major component of photochemical smog is


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Question 6.
More than 50% of the air in the atmosphere is found


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Question 7.
The atmosphere is divided into four layers on the basis of composition.


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Question 8.
The most abundant gas by volume for clean, dry air is


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Question 9.
The temperature decrease with altitude in the troposphere is called the ____________ lapse rate.


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Question 10.
On the equinoxes, all places on Earth receive 12 hours of daylight.


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Question 11.
Earth's revolution determines day and night.


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Question 12.
The shortest day occurs during the _________ in the Northern Hemisphere.


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Question 13.
On June 21, the vertical rays of the Sun strike a parallel of latitude known as the


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Question 14.
Earth's axis is tilted in the same direction throughout the year towards the North Star.


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Question 15.
The higher the solar angle or altitude of the Sun, the more spread out and less intense is the solar radiation that reaches Earth's surface.


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Question 16.
The principal source for atmospheric heat is terrestrial radiation.


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Question 17.
The most important difference among electromagnetic waves is their wavelength.


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Question 18.
The transfer of heat by circulation within a substance is called


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Question 19.
The transfer of heat through matter by molecular activity is called radiation.


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Question 20.
The two principal atmospheric absorbers of terrestrial radiation are carbon dioxide and


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Question 21.
Which one of the following forms of radiation has the longest wavelength?


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Question 22.
White light and the colors of the rainbow represent the ________ radiation.


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Question 23.
Clouds reduce the daily temperature range.


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Question 24.
Lines on a map that connect equal temperatures are called


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Question 25.
The specific heat is far greater for land than water.


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Question 26.
Which one of the following surfaces has the highest albedo?


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Question 27.
In general, the average temperature range increases with an increase in


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Question 28.
The hottest temperatures in July are most likely to be found at the equator.


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