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Home  arrow Chapter 5  arrow Chapter Test

Chapter Test

Read each question and all answer choices carefully, then choose the best answer.

This activity contains 25 questions.

Question 1.
The most important agent sculpturing Earth's land surface is


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End of Question 1


Question 2.
Identify each of the indicated component parts of the hydrologic cycle by selecting the correct response.

(Hydrologic cycle diagram, Copyright © Prentice Hall, Inc.)




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The letters A through E appear on an image associated with this question.

This question presents 5 items numbered 2.1 through 2.5. Each item is presented with a pulldown menu containing the letters A through E. For each item below, use the pull-down menu to select the letter that labels the correct part of the image.
[hint]
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End of Question 2


Question 3.
The hydrologic cycle begins with water evaporating from the oceans, and when water falls on the continents the cycle is complete.


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End of Question 3


Question 4.
The change in state of H2O from liquid to gas is known as


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End of Question 4


Question 5.
Defined geologic features or descriptive terms that serve to "hold" water as it moves through the hydrologic cycle are called


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End of Question 5


Question 6.
The largest reservoir of freshwater that is available to humans is


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End of Question 6


Question 7.
Correctly match the following pictures with the proper term for the drainage pattern.




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The letters A through D appear on an image associated with this question.

This question presents 4 items numbered 7.1 through 7.4. Each item is presented with a pulldown menu containing the letters A through D. For each item below, use the pull-down menu to select the letter that labels the correct part of the image.
[hint]
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End of Question 7


Question 8.
A channel's shape, size, and roughness affect the amount of friction with the water in the channel.


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End of Question 8


Question 9.
Most large rivers carry the largest part of their load in solution.


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End of Question 9


Question 10.
The combined effects of mass wasting and ____________ produce stream valleys.


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End of Question 10


Question 11.
Along the curve of a stream, the maximum velocity of water occurs


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End of Question 11


Question 12.
A stream's velocity decreases downstream.


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End of Question 12


Question 13.
The gradient of a stream increases downstream.


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End of Question 13


Question 14.
Raising base level will cause a stream to gain energy and erode.


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End of Question 14


Question 15.
Identify each of the indicated valley features by selecting the correct response.

(Valley features diagram, Copyright © Prentice Hall, Inc.)




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The letters A through F appear on an image associated with this question.

This question presents 6 items numbered 15.1 through 15.6. Each item is presented with a pulldown menu containing the letters A through F. For each item below, use the pull-down menu to select the letter that labels the correct part of the image.
[hint]
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End of Question 15


Question 16.
Which of the following strategies can help to eliminate or lessen the catastrophic effects of floods?


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End of Question 16


Question 17.
Limestone dissolves easily in pure water.


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End of Question 17


Question 18.
Depositional features found in caverns form


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End of Question 18


Question 19.
Water soaks into the ground through a process known as


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End of Question 19


Question 20.
Identify each of the indicated groundwater features by selecting the correct response.

(Groundwater features diagram, Copyright © Prentice Hall, Inc.)




Open Hint for Question 20 in a new window.
The letters A through F appear on an image associated with this question.

This question presents 6 items numbered 20.1 through 20.6. Each item is presented with a pulldown menu containing the letters A through F. For each item below, use the pull-down menu to select the letter that labels the correct part of the image.
[hint]
[hint]
[hint]
[hint]
[hint]
[hint]
End of Question 20


Question 21.
The compaction of loose sediments and rocks as groundwater is removed from pore spaces is called


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End of Question 21


Question 22.
Groundwater can naturally be cleansed and purified if it is moving within an aquifer consisting of


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End of Question 22


Question 23.
Karst topography can include a serious geologic hazard called a


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End of Question 23


Question 24.
Depositional formations found on the floor of caverns extending upward are called


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End of Question 24


Question 25.
Geysers are found, among other places, in Iceland.


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End of Question 25





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