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Chapter Test

Read the questions carefully and choose the best answer.

This activity contains 26 questions.

Question 1.
A mechanical weathering process characterized by splitting off large slab-like sheets of rock often results in


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Question 2.
Breaking of rock or fragmentation is part of

 
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Question 3.
The energy for external processes comes primarily from


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Question 4.
The key terms "weathering" and "erosion" are interchangeable.


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Question 5.
The rate of weathering depends on atmospheric conditions.


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Question 6.
Important metals and elements can be concentrated into ore deposits through the process of weathering.


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Question 7.
The incorporation and transportation of rock material by mobile agents best describes


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Question 8.
Which of the following processes contribute(s) to the breakdown of rock material?


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Question 9.
After a series of freezing and thawing events, rock may be broken into pieces in a process called


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Question 10.
The chemical weathering of _________ minerals produces clay minerals.


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Question 11.
The most important agent of chemical weathering is


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Question 12.
In Bowen's Reaction Series, the minerals that form last are the most susceptible to chemical weathering.


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Question 13.
Mechanical weathering _________ the amount of surface area available for chemical weathering.


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Question 14.
Which of the following materials is most likely to readily dissolve in a weakly acidic solution?


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Question 15.
Which of the following statements is not true about mechanical weathering?


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Question 16.
In general, the greater the slope the thicker the soil.


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Question 17.
The most influential control of soil formation is


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Question 18.
In a well-developed soil profile the ____________ horizon is the topmost layer.


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Question 19.
Lunar regolith is one of the 12 soil orders found in the soil taxonomy system.


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Question 20.
Slope orientation affects the amount of sunlight and the extent of soil formation.


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Question 21.
Soils often contain variations and vertical differences observed as general zones or layers called


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Question 22.
Removing vegetation can increase the rate of soil erosion.


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Question 23.
Identify each of the following forms of mass wasting by selecting the appropriate diagram.

(Mass wasting diagram, Copyright © Prentice Hall, Inc.)




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The letters A through D appear on an image associated with this question.

This question presents 4 items numbered 23.1 through 23.4. Each item is presented with a pulldown menu containing the letters A through D. For each item below, use the pull-down menu to select the letter that labels the correct part of the image.
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Question 24.
Rocks with inclined surfaces of weakness are most likely to experience which type of mass wasting?


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Question 25.
The accumulation of rock fragments found at the base of many cliffs is referred to as the


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Question 26.
The process responsible for moving material downslope without the direct aid of running water, wind, or ice is


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