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Chapter Test

Read the questions carefully and choose the best answer.

This activity contains 35 questions.

Question 1.
Rocks are classified according to the mode of origin. Match the rock group with the catch-phrase describing the origin.




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A matching question presents 3 answer choices and 3 items. The answer choices are lettered A through C. The items are numbered 1.1 through 1.3. Screen readers will read the answer choices first. Then each item will be presented along with a select menu for choosing an answer choice. Using the pull-down menus, match each item in the left column to the corresponding item in the right column.
A change form
B from fire
C to settle
 
 
 
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Question 2.
All the energy driving the processes of the Rock Cycle come from the Sun.


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Question 3.
Rocks are unchanging masses.


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Question 4.
Sediments are associated with


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Question 5.
We should study rocks


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Question 6.
Which one of the following is not an agent of metamorphism?


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Question 7.
The rock cycle allows us to view many of the interrelationships among different parts of the Earth system.


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Question 8.
Based on composition, rhyolite is the volcanic igneous rock equivalent to intrusive or plutonic granite.


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Question 9.
Igneous rocks are best classified according to texture and


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Question 10.
Rocks sometimes contain features left by gas bubbles that formed as the lava solidifed, and these features are called


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Question 11.
Slow cooling of magma results in the formation of small aphanitic mineral crystals.


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Question 12.
Which of the following terms is not used as one of the four basic igneous rock textures?


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Question 13.
According to Bowen's Reaction Series, quartz is often the first mineral to crystallize from a melt.


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Question 14.
Pumice is more likely to form from lava or melts containing low amounts of SiO2.


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Question 15.
Rocks associated with volcanic activity along the margins of continents often have a ________ composition.


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Question 16.
Rocks with abundant light-colored silicate minerals such as quartz and potassium feldspar are best described as


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Question 17.
Accumulation of silts and clays, and eventually the rocks siltstone and shale, is generally best associated with which one of the following environments?


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Question 18.
Detrital sedimentary rocks are subdivided according to


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Question 19.
Fossils found in sedimentary rocks can be used to


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Question 20.
Which of the following is not a chemical sedimentary rock?


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Question 21.
Loose particles accumulated after weathering of rocks and transported as solid particles are called detritus.


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Question 22.
Sedimentary rocks made up of very fine-grained sediment ("clay" sized) are called


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Question 23.
The single most characteristic feature of sedimentary rocks are


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Question 24.
Which of the following is not one of the most common cementing materials for detrital sedimentary rocks?


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Question 25.
Which of the following is considered a metamorphic rock?


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Question 26.
Which of the following is considered a non-foliated metamorphic rock?


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Question 27.
Mineral alignment in a metamorphic rock usually gives the rock a porphyritic texture.


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Question 28.
The recrystallization of limestone during contact metamorphism will form the metamorphic rock marble.


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Question 29.
Thermal metamorphism is directly responsible for the creation of linear mountain belts.


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Question 30.
Which of the following is least likely to form as a result of contact metamorphism?


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Question 31.
Hot metal-rich fluids associated with cooling magma bodies are called


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Question 32.
Disseminated gold (Au) and copper (Cu) deposits are not concentrated enough to be ore deposits.


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Question 33.
Hydrothermal solutions are responsible for important metallic ores found in vein and disseminated deposits.


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Question 34.
Metamorphic bituminous coal is characterized by a hard, shiny black nature and regarded as an important high-energy resource for industry.


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Question 35.
Rocks forming during later stages of magma crystallization may form unusually large crystals called


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