Concept 1: Explain the difference between a mineral and a rock.
Concept 2: Describe the basic structure of an atom and how atoms relate to elements, ions, compounds, and isotopes.
Concept 3: Describe the physical properties of minerals and how they can be used for mineral identification.
Concept 4: List the most important elements and rock-forming minerals that compose Earth's continental crust.
Concept 5: List the basic compositions and structures of the silicate minerals.
Concept 6: Give examples of the economic use of some nonsilicate minerals and distinguish between mineral resources, reserves, and ores.