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Chapter Test

Read the questions carefully and choose the best answer.

This activity contains 27 questions.

Question 1.
The science of __________ literally means "study of Earth."


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Question 2.
The __________ suggests that the bodies of the solar system evolved from an enormous rotating cloud composed mostly of hydrogen and __________.


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Question 3.
The age of Earth is best approximated at


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Question 4.
The global ocean blankets nearly __________ percent of Earth's surface.


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Question 5.
Events of the geologic past and Earth's history can be arranged into different units and presented as the


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Question 6.
Identify each of the indicated components of Earth's layered structure by selecting the correct response.

(Earth's interior diagram, Copyright © Prentice Hall, Inc.)




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The letters A through E appear on an image associated with this question.

This question presents 5 items numbered 6.1 through 6.5. Each item is presented with a pulldown menu containing the letters A through E. For each item below, use the pull-down menu to select the letter that labels the correct part of the image.
[hint]
[hint]
[hint]
[hint]
[hint]
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Question 7.
The crust of Earth is thinnest beneath the continents and thickest where oceans exist.


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Question 8.
Which of the following features of the oceans is part of the continental margin?


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Question 9.
Loosely defined, a __________ can be any size group of interacting parts that form a complex whole.


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Question 10.
Earth consists of four major spheres: hydrosphere, atmosphere, solid Earth, and ecosphere.


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Question 11.
Hurricanes are an example of an open system.


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Question 12.
__________ resources can be replenished over relatively short time spans.


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Question 13.
The global rate of mineral and energy resource usage has climbed less rapidly than the overall growth of population.


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Question 14.
Which of the following is not directly part of the physical environment?


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Question 15.
An understanding of Earth is essential for


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Question 16.
All science is based on the assumption that the natural world behaves in a consistent and predictable manner that is comprehensible through careful, systematic study.


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Question 17.
A scientific discovery can be made by


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Question 18.
The Earth-centered model of the universe is accepted today because Earth is unique.


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Question 19.
Mid-ocean ridges are an example of a ___________boundary.


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Question 20.
The largest layer by volume is the outer core.


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Question 21.
The aim of ___________ is to understand the origin of Earth and the development of the planet over time through its 4.5 billion year history.


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Question 22.
Earth is dynamic and changes as a result of


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Question 23.
Everything that surrounds and influences an organism is best described as


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Question 24.
Which of the following choices completes this sentence as a true statement.

Geologic hazards are


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Question 25.
Which of the following is not directly part of the geosphere?


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Question 26.
Which of the following is not an Earth process mainly powered by the Sun's energy?


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Question 27.
Comprehensive theories that can explain a large number of interrelated aspects of the natural world are called


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