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The Atmosphere: Composition, Structure,...
Destinations


Waves along a beach (Corel) We have made a concerted effort to search the Web for relevant material, but no matter how hard we try there will always be more information available than we can possibly examine.

However, the following list contains links to many of the most interesting and informative Web sites related to topics explored in the chapter that we were able to locate. Check them out, but make sure you come back to do more investigating when you're done.


METEOROLOGY (General)


AccuWeather.com
AccuWeather.com is one of the most comprehensive weather sites available. In addition to travel, aviation, and agriculture weather, the site also offers several interesting weather-related streaming video clips.
American Meteorological Society Homepage
The homepage of the American Meteorological Society features links to several weather related journals.
California Regional Weather Server
An excellent site for satellite images, weather radar, jet stream information, regional weather maps, etc.
Climate Prediction Center (NOAA)
NOAA's Climate Prediction Center offers 6-to-10 day and seasonal forecasts; seasonal drought, excessive heat, and hurricane season outlooks; and El Niño and La Niña advisories. Also featured are expert analyses from meteorologists and climatologists, temperature and precipitation monitoring data, U.S. and world temperature and precipitation climate maps and graphs, and educational materials.
Cloudman
A great source for cloud information and images.
Columbia Earthscape
Columbia Earthscape claims to select, gather, edit, and link the widest range of Earth resources available online. In the interface, the four sections of the compass give teachers, students, scientists, and decision-makers instant access to a variety of tools needed to understand our planet.
Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies
The Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS) is a cooperative institute formed through a Memorandum of Understanding between the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
Current Weather Data (University of Illinois)
An excellent source for current weather data, including printable maps.
Daily Planet—University of Illinois
The University of Illinois Department of Atmospheric Sciences home page features a variety of weather-related information.
Earth Observatory
A must visit! The purpose of NASA's Earth Observatory is to provide a freely-accessible publication on the Internet where the public can obtain new satellite imagery and scientific information about our home planet. The focus is on Earth's climate and environmental change.
Earth Observing System (NASA)
Homepage of NASA's Earth Observing System project. A good source for Earth data and images.
Stratospheric balloons (National Severe Storms Laboratory)
EarthTrends (World Resources Institute)
EarthTrends environmental information portal offers timely and accurate global environmental and sustainable development information.
EarthWaves—Our Changing Planet
EarthWaves is a Web site dedicated to the subject of our planet, and the many changes encompassing it. You'll find topics here ranging from earthquakes to the ozone layer.
Envirofacts (EPA)
A single point of access for select U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) data.
EPIC Database (NOAA)
Access to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Agency's (NOAA) immense collection of data sets. EPIC was developed at NOAA's Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory to manage the large numbers of hydrographic and time series oceanographic insitu data sets collected as part of NOAA climate study programs, such as EPOCS and TOGA in earlier years, WOCE and CLIVAR and others more recently. At present, PMEL maintains more than 1.5 million individual data sets in the EPIC database.
Extreme Science
A great place for all kinds of science information that includes sections on time, weather, space, Earth science, biology, and maps.
Federal Meteorological Handbook No. 1 (National Weather Service)
National Weather Service (NWS), Federal Meteorological Handbook No. 1 can be downloaded in .pdf.
Intellicast
World weather information source.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) conducts research in atmospheric chemistry and dynamics over a wide range of temporal and spatial scales.
Meteorology Education and Training (MetEd)
MetEd is a joint Web site operated by the NWSTC, the OSF, and the COMET Program for the advancement of online meteorological education and training. Of most interest are the numerous web-based training modules and case studies.
Meteorology Guide: The Online Guides
The Online Meteorology Guide is a collection of Web-based instructional modules that use multimedia technology and the dynamic capabilities of the Web.
Meteorology Links, Wadsworth Publishing
Meteorology links from the Wadsworth Publishing Company.
National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)
National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Boulder, CO.
National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)
The National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) is the world's largest active archive of weather data.
National Library for the Environment
A good place to begin research on an environmental topic, this site is sponsored by the National Council for Science and the Environment.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration home page.
National Weather Association
The mission of the National Weather Association is to support and promote excellence in operational meteorology and related activities. The site offers an extensive list of weather related links.
Radar dome (National Severe Storms Laboratory)
National Weather Service (NWS)
Perhaps the largest collection of weather data in the world.
National Weather Service Offices
A map showing the location of the offices of the National Weather Service with direct links to each.
Online Guides: Instructional Modules and Curriculum
Several excellent meteorology instructional units on various topics from the University of Illinois.
Outreach Program—University of Wisconsin
Several educational articles associated with interesting weather phenomena from the University of Wisconsin at Madison.
Plymouth State College (PSC) Weather Center
An excellent Web site for current weather, tutorials, satellite images, and weather related links.
Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Array (TAO)
The Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) array, a major component of the global climate observing system, consists of approximately 70 ATLAS and current meter moorings in the Tropical Pacific Ocean, telemetering oceanographic and meteorological data in realtime via the Argos satellite system.
Unisys Weather
A good source for satellite images and forecasts using several different models.
USA Today
USA Today's daily weather page.
USA Weather
Latest forecasts, weather maps, and satellite images from Intellicast.
Weather Cams
Live images from weather and tower cameras at many different places around the world. Images vary in quality and refresh rates range from every few minutes to days.
Weather Channel
The Weather Channel home page for forecasts and other weather-related information.
Weather (Discovery.com)
The Discovery-Weather site features a variety of interesting information, reports, and links on weather and other related Earth science subjects.
Ski slope (Corel)
Weather Data and Imagery, Current (American Meteorological Society)
An excellent source for current surface, satellite, upper air, and forecast information from the American Meteorological Society (AMS).
Weather Data and Imagery
Weather data and imagery from the Space Science and Engineering Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Weather Disasters (NOAA)
An excellent source for information on major (billion dollar plus) weather disasters from 1980 to 2001.
Weather Glossary
Hundreds of weather definitions from "absolute humidity" to "Zulu time."
Weather Image Gallery
Prof. Jon Kahl's (University of Wisconsin/Milwaukee) great weather related images covering just about every topic.
Weather Information Network (National Weather Service)
Local and world weather and related items from the National Weather Service (NWS).
WeatherNet
WeatherNet bills itself as the Internet's premier source of weather information, providing access to thousands of forecasts, images, and the Net's largest collection of weather links.
Weather On Demand—EarthWatch Comm., Inc.
Weather information from EarthWatch.
Weather Terminology
A very extensive glossary of weather terms.
Weather Topic Index (USA Today)
Information on just about every weather topic you can imagine from USA Today.
Weather Underground
An excellent, comprehensive source of weather information.
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
The World Meteorological Organization coordinates global scientific activity to allow increasingly prompt and accurate weather information and other services for public, private and commercial use, including international airline and shipping industries.

ATMOSPHERIC HEATING & COMPOSITION
Air Resources Laboratory (NOAA)
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Air Resources Laboratory conducts research on processes that relate to air quality, climate, and emergency preparedness, concentrating on the transport, dispersion, transformation and removal of trace gases and aerosols, and the exchange between the atmosphere and biological and non-biological surfaces.
ASPIRE
The Aspire (Astrophysics Science Project Integrating Research and Education) website includes several excellent online interactive labs, including activities that investigate momentum, the motion of gas particles, and kinetic energy.
Atmospheric Ozone Concentrations
Ozone concentration maps for both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres from NOAA's Climate Prediction Center (CPC).
Atmospheric Pollution (EPA)
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) atmospheric pollution home page.
Snow in the mountains (MetaTools)
Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)
The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) is the primary global-change data and information analysis center of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).
Current Weather Data (University of Illinois)
An excellent source for current weather data, including printable maps.
Earth's Radiation Balance
A discussion of Earth's radiation balance from the University of Wisconsin.
Earth's Rotational Irregularities
The variability of Earth's rotation due to the gravitatinal attraction of the moon, Sun, and planets, as well as displacements of matter in different parts of the planet and other mechanisms is examined.
EarthTrends (World Resources Institute)
EarthTrends environmental information portal offers timely and accurate global environmental and sustainable development information.
El Niño (NOAA)
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Agency (NOAA) El Niño theme page: accessing distributed information related to El Niño.
El Niño (NOVA Online)
A guide to what El Niño is, how it affects global weather, its effect on living things, and more.
Global Climate Animations (University of Oregon)
This University of Oregon site contains great animations showing the climatology of the seasonal cycle for selected climate variables for the time period 1959-1997.
Global Warming and Climate Change Policy WWW Sites
Here is NASA's extensive master directory of global warming and climate change policy WWW sites.
Global Warming: Focus on the Future
An excellent global warming online exhibit from the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History.
Heat Index (USA Today)
An explanation of the heat index and a calculation chart from USA Today.
Here Comes the Sun!
Excellent tutorial on the motions of Earth and the seasons.
National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)
The National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) is the world's largest active archive of weather data. The NCDC's mission is to manage the nation's resource of global climatological in-situ and remotely sensed data and information to promote global environmental stewardship; to describe, monitor and assess the climate; and to support efforts to predict changes in the Earth's environment.
Ozone
A good tutorial on atmospheric ozone.
Ozone Concentrations, Atmospheric
Stratospheric ozone concentration (including maps) for both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres from NOAA's Climate Prediction Center (CPC).
Paleoclimatology Program (NOAA)
Access to a wealth of paleoclimatic data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
SunAngle
A Sun angle calculator by Christopher Gronbeck.
Surface Radiation Research Branch (SRRB)
The Surface Radiation Research Branch (SRRB) of NOAA's Air Resources Laboratory is located in Boulder, CO. Its primary emphasis is to provide quality surface radiation measurements and to operate the Central Calibration and Test Facility for national UV monitoring instruments.
Temperature Conversions (USA Today)
A discussion of Fahrenheit-Celsius-Kelvin temperature conversions from USA Today.
Temperatures (Seasonal and Daily)
A discussion of seasonal and daily temperatures from the University of Wisconsin.
Urban Heat Islands
A discussion of urban heat islands from the University of Wisconsin.
U.S. Global Change Data and Information System (GCDIS)
The Global Change Data and Information System (GCDIS) is a collection of distributed information systems operated by government agencies involved in global change research. The site contains a listing of global change related Web sites.
Why is the Sky Blue?
An explanation of why the sky is blue from the University of Wisconsin.




Photo/Figure Credits (In Order of Appearance)

  • Orange Sky (Copyright © (1998) Roger Edwards)

  • Ice Coated Thermometer (Copyright © (1998) Roger Edwards)

  • Seasons Figure (Copyright © Tasa Graphic Arts, Inc.)

  • Atmospheric Temperature Sounding Graph (Copyright © Prentice Hall, Inc.)

  • Vertical Structure of the Atmosphere Figure (Copyright © Tasa Graphic Arts, Inc.)

  • Earth-Sun Relations Figure (Copyright © Tasa Graphic Arts, Inc.)

  • Waves Along a Beach Photo (Corel) (Property of Kenneth Pinzke)

  • Stratospheric Balloons (Courtesy of the National Severe Storms Laboratory)

  • Radar Dome (Courtesy of the National Severe Storms Laboratory)

  • Ski Slope (Corel) (Property of Kenneth Pinzke)

  • Snow in the Mountains (MetaTools) (Property of Kenneth Pinzke)



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