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The Atmosphere: Composition, Structure,...
Multiple Choice

1 .       Which one of the following is NOT generally considered a major element of weather and climate? 



2 .       Oxygen and ozone are efficient absorbers of incoming ____________ radiation. 



3 .       On June 21, the vertical rays of the Sun strike a parallel of latitude known as the ____________. 



4 .       The red and orange colors of sunset and sunrise are the result of ____________ in the atmosphere. 



5 .       Which one of the following forms of radiation has the longest wavelength? 



6 .       Which one of the following is NOT a mechanism of heat transfer? 



7 .       The temperature decrease with altitude in the troposphere is called the ____________ lapse rate. 



8 .       On December 21, the vertical rays of the Sun strike a parallel of latitude known as the ____________. 



9 .       The two principal atmospheric absorbers of terrestrial radiation are carbon dioxide and ____________. 



10 .       When water changes from one state to another, ____________ heat is stored or released. 



11 .       The value of the normal lapse rate is ____________°C per kilometer. 



12 .       In the Southern Hemisphere, the greatest number of daylight hours occurs on ____________. 



13 .       Which form of radiation do we sense as heat? 



14 .       The annual temperature range will be greatest for a place located ____________. 



15 .       Which one of the following surfaces has the highest albedo? 



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