Biology: A Guide to the Natural World

Chapter 4: Life's Home: The Cell

Chapter Review Quiz

Each question in this quiz has been categorized to help you determine the challenge level. A level 1 question typically helps you review memory recall ideas or factual content. A level 2 question typically requires integration of many ideas and a higher level thought process. You should attempt all the questions as your instructor may require both levels of performance on your exam.

1. Which of the following statements concerning prokaryotes and eukaryotes is probably valid? (level 2). [Hint]

2. Which of the following cell structures is NOT an extension of the cell's cytoskeleton? (level 1). [Hint]

3. Which of these organisms usually requires oxygen to live? (level 1). [Hint]

4. Which were probably the first living cells to appear on Earth? (level 1). [Hint]

5. Which of these organisms can be unicellular? (level 2). [Hint]

6. Which of the following best summarizes the movement of a protein molecule from the time it is formed until it is secreted from the cell? (level 1). [Hint]

7. Many antibiotics kill bacteria because they hamper the function of prokaryotic ribosomes. Which of the following cellular processes is directly altered by antibiotics? (level 2). [Hint]

8. The cells of the pancreas secrete large amounts of insulin into the bloodstream. Where are these proteins synthesized? (level 1). [Hint]

9. The membrane of which organelle is perforated with pores that regulate the passage of large molecules such as mRNA? (level 1). [Hint]

10. Which organelles are very prevalent in cells that secrete steroid sex hormones such as cells of the ovaries and testes? (level 2). [Hint]

11. The primary function of the nucleolus is to ... (level 2). [Hint]

12. The organelle that is responsible for sorting and shipping proteins to the appropriate places in the cell is the ... (level 1). [Hint]

13. The organelle responsible for energy production is the ... (level 1). [Hint]

14. Which of the following organelles is NOT found in plant cells? (level 2). [Hint]

15. Which of the following cell structures is NOT found in animal cells? (level 1). [Hint]

16. Which of the following organelles contains digestive enzymes? (level 1). [Hint]

17. What is the primary reason that most cells are small? (level 2) [Hint]

18. Which of these molecules is a product of photosynthesis that occurs inside plant chloroplasts? (level 2) [Hint]

19. Which of these cytoskeletal filaments is primarily responsible for anchoring the organelles inside the cell's cytoplasm? (level 1). [Hint]

20. In the following list, which is the smallest structure? (level 2). [Hint]

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