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Chapter Study Tips

This chapter provides an excellent opportunity for you to practice summarizing key concepts in the form of a table or flowchart. These tools allow you to abbreviate much of the information contained in the text and will not only organize your thoughts but will also provide a study tool. As you construct the table or flowchart, you will be reworking the main concepts of the text and putting them into a new format. If making a concept map, as described in the Study Tips for Chapter 8, The Nervous System, was valuable to you, then use it again in this chapter. Both concept maps and flowcharts allow you to show the relationships between various concepts and processes.

Review the functions of blood and then begin a flowchart or concept map of the components of blood. Begin with the word blood and then have one arrow leading to plasma and another to formed elements. Under each of those subtitles list either the components of plasma or the three main types of formed elements. As you continue through the chapter, list the role and life cycle of platelets and red blood cells. Then list the types of white blood cells and their functions. Develop a table showing the relationship between the antibodies and antigens found on red blood cells and how they affect the relationship between blood donors and recipients. Write a short explanation of the resulting coagulation that results from mistyping.

Develop a flow chart of the steps in blood clotting. Include an initial stimulus, the reactions of the muscle wall of the vessel and all the blood proteins leading to a clot. Avoid copying charts directly from the text, but try to add more detail and explanation.

Finally, review the terms at the end of the chapter and add them to your study materials. Explain your flowcharts, concept maps, and tables with a study partner. Ask him or her to help you correct errors.

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