After studying the material of this chapter, the student should be able to:
1. Describe how the Van de Graff, generator, cyclotron, synchrotron, and linear accelerator can be used to accelerate charged particles.
2. Explain the advantages to be gained by using one machine over the others.
3. Describe each of the four forces found in nature. List the fundamental particle associated with each force.
4. Distinguish between a particle and its antiparticle.
5. Classify a particle according to its family group: photon, lepton, meson, baryon and list the particle associated with interactions within each family.
6. Write out the law of conservation of lepton number and the law of conservation of baryon number.
7. List the quantities which must be conserved in order for a particular reaction or decay process to occur. Apply the conservation laws to determine if a particular reaction occurs.
8. Distinguish between a particle and a resonance.
9. Explain what is meant by strangeness and conservation of strangeness.
10. Give the names associated with the six types of quarks and describe properties associated with each quark.
11. Explain why it was necessary to introduce the concept of quark color.
12. Describe what is meant by the grand unified theory.