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Commonly Used Abbreviations in Nursing Care of Children

ACTH = adrenocorticotropic hormone
ADD = attention deficit disorder
ADH = antidiuretic hormone
ADHD = attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
AFB = aspirated foreign body
AI = adequate intake
ALL = acute lymphocytic leukemia
ALTE = apparent life-threatening event
AML = acute myelogenous leukemia
APIGN = acute postinfectious glomerulonephritis
ARF = acute renal failure
AS = aortic stenosis
ASD = atrial septal defect
ASO = antistreptolysin-O
BMI = body mass index
BPD = bronchopulmonary dysplasia
BSA = body surface area
CBC = complete blood count
CF = cystic fibrosis
CHD = congenital heart defect or congenital heart disease
CHF = congestive heart failure
CHIP = child health insurance program
CP = cerebral palsy
CRF = chronic renal failure
CSHCN = children with special health care needs
CT = computerized tomography
dB = decibel
DDAVP = desmopressin acetate
DKA = diabetic ketoacidosis
DPT = Diptheria, pertussis and tetanus immunization, or Demerol, phenergan and thorazine (for conscious sedation)
DRI = Dietary Reference Intake
DSM = Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
DTRs = deep tendon reflexes
EAR = estimated average requirement
EEG = electroencephalogram
EMLA = eutectic mixture of local anesthetics
ESRD = end stage renal disease
FTT = Failure to Thrive
GC = gonorrhea
GCS = Glasgow coma scale or Glasgow coma score
H&H = hematocrit and hemoglobin
H-Flu = Haemophilus influenzae
HIB = Haemophilus influenzae immunization
HIV = human immunodeficiency virus
HOME = Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment
HPV = human papillomavirus
HUS = hemolytic uremic syndrome
Hz = Hertz
IEP Individualized Education Plan
IGF = insulinlike growth factor
ISHP = Individualized School Health Plan
IVIG = intravenous immunoglobulin
IPV = inactivated poliovirus vaccine
IVP = intravenous pyelogram
JRA = juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
LOC = level of consciousness
LTB = laryngotracheobronchitis
MCNS = minimal change nephritic syndrome
MDI = metered dose inhaler
MMR = Measles, mumps, rubella immunization
MR = mental retardation
MRI = magnetic resonance imaging
NSAIDs = nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
OFC = Occipital frontal circumference
PCA = patient controlled analgesia
PDA = patent ductus arteriosis
PEFR = peak expiratory flow rate
PGE1 = prostaglandin E
PICU = pediatric intensive care unit
PKU = phenylketonuria
PPD = purified protein derivative (TB test)
PS = pulmonic stenosis
RAST = Radioallergosorbent test
RBC = red blood cell
RDA = recommended dietary allowance
RDS = respiratory distress syndrome
RSV = respiratory syncytial virus
S1 = first heart sound
S2 = second heart sound
SBE = subacute bacterial endocarditis
SCID = severe combined immunodeficiency disease
SIDS = sudden infant death syndrome
STI = sexually transmitted infection
SVT = supraventricular tachycardia
TANF = Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
TB = tuberculosis
TEF = tracheoesophageal fistula
TGA = transposition of the great arteries
TPN = total parenteral nutrition
TSH = thyroid stimulating hormone
Tx = traction
UA = urinalysis
UI = upper intake
UTI = urinary tract infection
VSD = ventricular septal defect
WBC = white blood cell
WIC = Women, Infant and Children Nutrition Program

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