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Chapter Quiz

This activity contains 52 questions.

Question 1.
What is the term used to describe the process of the new prisoner's learning of convict values, attitudes, roles, and even language?

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Question 2.
Who coined the term "total institutions" in his study of prisons and mental hospitals?

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Question 3.
What is prison argot?

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Question 4.
According to the National Institute of Corrections, African-American women are how many times more likely to be incarcerated than white women?

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Question 5.
What are the majority of offenses committed by women who are in prisons and jails?

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Question 6.
According to data from BJS, what percentage of women in jail or prison had been physically or sexually abused before incarceration?

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Question 7.
Approximately what percentage of women in state prisons have substance abuse problems?

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Question 8.
Approximately what percentage of women in prison are HIV positive? a. 23.2% b. 10.1% c. 8.7% X d. 3.5%

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Question 9.
On a per capita basis, which area has the most state and local corrections employees?

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Question 10.
What percentage of corrections officers nationwide is female?

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Question 11.
According to the American Correctional Association, most corrections officers are what ethnicity?

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Question 12.
What term is used to describe the courts' unwillingness to intervene with prison management?

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Question 13.
According to the National Institute of Corrections, which of the following is a characteristic of incarcerated female offenders?

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Question 14.
According to the Heffernan study, which type of female inmate was more likely to be a career offender?

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Question 15.
In what 1974 Supreme Court case did the Court rule that inmates have rights, much the same as people who are not incarcerated, provided that the legitimate needs of the prison for security, custody, and safety are not compromised?

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Question 16.
What are most prisoner lawsuits based on, according to the American Correctional Association?

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Question 17.
What 2006 Supreme Court case ruled that prison officials in Pennsylvania could prohibit the state's most violent inmates from receiving magazines, photographs, and newspapers sent to them in the mail?

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Question 18.
What 1974 Supreme Court decision ruled that a prisoner's incoming and outgoing mail may be censored if necessary for security purposes?

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Question 19.
What federal case in 1979 upheld the right of an inmate to write vulgar letters to his girlfriend in which he made disparaging comments about the prison staff?

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Question 20.
What 1972 Supreme Court case ruled that inmates must be given a "reasonable opportunity" to pursue their faith, even if it differs from traditional forms of worship?

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Question 21.
What 1983 Supreme Court decision ruled the delivery of publications originating from outside the prison, such as newspapers, magazines, and special-interests tracts, are generally protected when mailed directly from the publisher, although magazines that depict deviant sexual behavior can be banned?

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Question 22.
What 1984 Supreme Court decision upheld the policy of the Los Angeles County Jail, which prohibited all visits from friends and relatives?

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Question 23.
In what 1978 Supreme Court case did the Court rule that news personnel cannot be denied correspondence with inmates, but also ruled that they have no constitutional right to interview inmates or to inspect correctional facilities beyond the visitation opportunities available to the public?

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Question 24.
What 1968 Supreme Court decision ruled that prisoners under correctional supervision had the right to consult "jailhouse lawyers" for advice when assistance from trained professionals is not available?

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Question 25.
In what 1992 Supreme Court decision did the Court clarify the concept of "deliberate indifference" by holding that it requires both actual knowledge and disregard of risk of harm?

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Question 26.
In what 1990 Supreme Court case did the Court hold that prisoners can refuse the involuntary administration of antipsychotic drugs unless government officials can demonstrate an "overriding justification" as to why administration of the drugs is necessary?

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Question 27.
What 2006 Supreme Court decision ruled in favor of a wheelchair bound inmate, holding that the state's claims of sovereign immunity could not bar suits brought under the Americans with Disabilities Act?

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Question 28.
What 1977 Supreme Court decision held that prisons must establish some formal opportunity for the airing of inmate grievances?

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Question 29.
What 1984 Supreme Court case established that prisoners do not have a right to be present during a search of their cells?

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Question 30.
What 1998 Supreme Court decision held that the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 applied to prisons and to prison inmates?

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Question 31.

What 1994 Supreme Court case provided substantial protections to prison administration and staff when it found that even when a prisoner is harmed, and even when officials knew that a risk of harm existed, they cannot be held liable for that harm if they took appropriate steps to mitigate the risk of it happening?
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Question 32.
What 1993 Supreme Court decision gave notice to prison officials that they are responsible not only for "inmates' current serious health problems," but also for maintaining environmental conditions under which health problems might be prevented from developing?

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Question 33.
Women are less likely than men to have committed violent offenses and more likely to have been convicted of crimes involving drugs or property.

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Question 34.
Women in prison are ten times more likely to have a history of abuse than men in prison.

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Question 35.
Female inmates are 50% more likely than male prisoners to be HIV positive.

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Question 36.
Women in prison have a lower incidence of mental disorders than do women in the community.

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Question 37.
It is estimated that 1.3 million minor children have a mother who is under correctional supervision.

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Question 38.
Women under criminal justice supervision are more likely than the general population never to have been married.

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Question 39.
A significant aspect of sexual activity far more commonly found in women's prisons than in men's prisons is sexual misconduct between staff and inmate.

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Question 40.
Most prison riots are spontaneous and are typically the result of some relatively minor precipitating event.

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Question 41.
Courts generally have allowed restrictions on the receipt of published mail, especially magazines and newspapers, that do not threaten prison security.

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Question 42.
First Amendment guarantees of freedom of speech are applicable to prisoners' rights in the areas of receipt of mail, communications with others, and visitation.

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Question 43.
The First and Fifth Amendments provide the basis for prisoners' rights claims in the area of religious freedom.

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Question 44.
Prisoners can be made to attend religious services.

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Question 45.
Conversations between inmates and their lawyers can be monitored, although any evidence thus obtained cannot be used in court.

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Question 46.
A 1984 state court held that inmates cannot be medicated against their will in an emergency.

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Question 47.
Today, all sizable prisons have established grievance procedures whereby an inmate files a complaint with local authorities and receives a mandated response.

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Question 48.
The federal Prison Litigation Reform Act requires inmates to exhaust their prison's grievance procedure before filing a lawsuit.

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Question 49.
One study found that more than 10% of HIV-positive inmates acquired the virus while in prison.

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Question 50.
The number of prisoners older than 55 increased more than 400% between 1990 and 2005.

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Question 51.
Crimes committed by the elderly, especially violent crimes, have recently been on the increase.

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Question 52.
The United States Supreme Court has ruled that mentally ill inmates cannot be required to take antipsychotic drugs.

End of Question 52

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