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Chapter Quiz

This activity contains 52 questions.

Question 1.
Which Constitutional Amendment guarantees the right to an attorney?

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Question 2.
Which amendment is concerned with search and seizure?

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Question 3.
What was the first landmark case concerning search and seizure?

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Question 4.
What United States Supreme Court case formed the basis of the exclusionary rule?

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Question 5.
What is a writ of certiorari?

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Question 6.
What principle states that illegally seized evidence cannot be used in a trial and neither can evidence be used that derives from an illegal seizure?

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Question 7.
Which Supreme Court decision applied the exclusionary rule to criminal prosecutions at the state level?

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Question 8.
In the 1984 case of U.S. v. Leon, the Court recognized what exception to the exclusionary rule?

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Question 9.
Which case is known as the "inevitable discovery exception"?

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Question 10.
What 1984 Supreme Court decision is known as the "public safety exception"?

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Question 11.
Which Constitutional Amendment guarantees the right to reasonable bail?

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Question 12.
Which Constitutional Amendment guarantees the right against cruel and unusual punishments?

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Question 13.
What United States Supreme Court decision articulated the principle of the "fruit of the poisoned tree doctrine"?

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Question 14.
Which Supreme Court decision limited the search incident to arrest to the area under the immediate control of the person arrested?

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Question 15.
Police officers may not enter a home to conduct a warrantless search if one resident gives permission but the other says no was the ruling in what case?

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Question 16.
In which case did the Supreme Court rule that for a defendant to be entitled to Fourth Amendment protection, he must demonstrate that he personally has an expectation of privacy in the place searched and that his expectation is reasonable?

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Question 17.
What 1984 case reinforced the concept of good faith?

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Question 18.
What 1987 Supreme Court case upheld the use of evidence obtained with a search warrant that was inaccurate in its specifics?

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Question 19.
What 1990 Supreme Court decision was based on evidence discovered in an apartment police searched after receiving consent to search by a woman that police reasonably believed had the authority to grant consent?

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Question 20.

In what case did the Supreme Court recognize the need for emergency warrantless entries under certain circumstances when it ruled that the police "may enter a home without a warrant when they have an objectively reasonable basis for believing that an occupant is seriously injured or imminently threatened with such injury"?
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Question 21.
What 1990 decision by the Supreme Court extended the authority of police to search locations in a house where a potentially dangerous person could hide while an arrest warrant is being served?

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Question 22.
What 1995 decision ruled that police generally must knock and announced their identity before entering a dwelling or other premises, even when armed with a search warrant?

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Question 23.
What 1997 Supreme Court decision placed the burden on the individual courts to "determine whether the facts and circumstances of the particular entry justified dispensing with the requirement" to knock and announce?

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Question 24.
What surprising 2006 decision allowed evidence found by police who enter a home to execute a warrant without first following the knock-and-announce requirement to be used at trial despite that constitutional violation?

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Question 25.
What is the name of a search warrant issued on the basis of probable cause to believe that evidence of a crime, while not presently at the place described, will likely be there when the warrant is executed?

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Question 26.
In what case did the Court rule that unless the suspect gives consent or an emergency exists, an arrest warrant is necessary if an arrest requires entry into a suspect's private residence?

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Question 27.
In what case did the Court rule that the police went beyond what was allowed in a pat-down search when the officer felt what he believed to be a lump of crack cocaine in the jacket pocket but had to manipulate the cocaine to be certain that it was crack cocaine?

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Question 28.
What 1990 Supreme Court case involved the legality of highway sobriety checkpoints and the Court ruled that such stops are reasonable insofar as they are essential to the welfare of the community as a whole?

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Question 29.
As part of an individual's right to privacy, what Supreme Court case ruled that the defendant could not be ordered to undergo surgery because such a magnitude of intrusion into his body was unacceptable?

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Question 30.

In what Supreme Court case did the Court rule that evidence secured from recording devices carried on the body of an undercover agent or an informant could be used in court? a. Katz v. U.S. X b. On Lee v. U.S. c. Oliver v. U.S. d. Hester v. U.S.
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Question 31.
In which case did a federal appellate court rule that the consent a defendant had given to police for his apartment to be searched did not extend to the search of his computer once it was taken to a police station?

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Question 32.
In what 1987 case did a federal appellate court rule that the defendant could be prosecuted for heroin discovered during medical treatment, even though the defendant had objected to the treatment?

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Question 33.
The Constitution of the United States is designed to protect citizens against abuses of police power.

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Question 34.
During the 1980s and 1990s, the United States experienced a swing toward liberalism, giving rise to a renewed concern for the rights of the offender.

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Question 35.
Under Chief Justice Warren E. Burger, the new Court adhered to the principle that criminal defendants who claimed violations of their due process rights needed to bear most of the responsibility of showing that police went beyond the law in the performance of their duties.

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Question 36.
During the tenure of Chief Justice Rehnquist, the Court invoked a characteristically liberal approach to many important criminal justice issues.

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Question 37.
An arrest occurs when a law enforcement officer restricts a person's freedom to leave.

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Question 38.
Arrests that follow the questioning of a suspect are probably the most common type.

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Question 39.
Most jurisdictions allow arrest for a misdemeanor without a warrant when a crime is not in progress, as long as probable cause can be established.

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Question 40.

Probable cause can be defined as a belief, based on the facts at hand and on reasonable inferences drawn from those facts, which would induce an ordinarily prudent and cautious person under the same circumstances to conclude that criminal activity is taking place or that criminal activity has recently occurred.x
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Question 41.
In a 1990 decision, the Supreme Court ruled that an individual has the right to protect his or her belongings from unwarranted police inspection.

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Question 42.
The first significant Supreme Court case involving an automobile was Carroll v. U.S.

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Question 43.
Warrantless vehicle searches are limited to the area under the immediate control of the operator.

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Question 44.
Generally speaking, where vehicles are concerned, an investigatory stop is permissible under the Fourth Amendment if supported by reasonable suspicion.

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Question 45.
Motorists, but not the passengers, may be ordered out of stopped vehicles in the interest of officer safety.

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Question 46.
The Court has ruled that police officers with probable cause to search a car may search any passengers' belongings found in the car that are capable of concealing evidence.

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Question 47.
Houseboats are not covered under the automobile exception to the Fourth Amendment warrant requirement.

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Question 48.
The police are required to inform bus passengers of their right to refuse to cooperate with officers conducting searches or of their right to refuse to be searched.

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Question 49.
An interrogation is defined by the United States Supreme Court as any behaviors by the police that the police should know are reasonably likely to elicit an incriminating response from the suspect.

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Question 50.
A third-party conversation recorded by the police after a suspect has invoked the Miranda right to remain silent cannot be used as evidence in court.

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Question 51.
The USA PATRIOT Act of 2001 made it easier for police investigators to intercept many forms of electronic communications.

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Question 52.
Electronic evidence is latent evidence.

End of Question 52

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