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Chapter Quiz - True/False

This activity contains 20 questions.

Question 1.
Exculpatory evidence is information having a tendency to clear a person of guilt or blame.

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Question 2.
The prosecutor is an elected or appointed public official who presides over a court of law and who is authorized to hear and sometimes to decide cases and to conduct trials.

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Question 3.
Prosecutorial discretion is the decision-making power of prosecutors, based on the wide range of choices available to them.

End of Question 3

Question 4.
The Bailiff Support Group is the professional courtroom actors.

End of Question 4

Question 5.
The defense counsel is a license trial lawyer, hired or appointed to conduct the legal defense of a person accused of a crime and to represent him or her before a court of law.

End of Question 5

Question 6.
A prosecutor is an attorney employed by a government agency for the purpose of providing defense services to indigents.

End of Question 6

Question 7.
The bailiff is the court officer whose duties are to keep order in the courtroom and to maintain physical custody of the jury.

End of Question 7

Question 8.
An expert witness is an eyewitness, character witness, or other person called on to testify who is not considered an expert.

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Question 9.
A subpoena is a written order issued by a judicial officer or grand jury requiring an individual to appear in court.

End of Question 9

Question 10.
The victim-assistance program is an organized program that offers services to victims of crime in the areas of crisis intervention and follow-up counseling and that helps victims secure their rights under the law.

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Question 11.
A judge is a member of a trial or grand jury who has been selected for jury duty and is required to serve as an arbiter of the facts in a court of law.

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Question 12.
Change of venue is the movement of a trial or lawsuit from one jurisdiction to another or from one location to another within the same jurisdiction.

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Question 13.
The rules of evidence is a two-sided structure under which American criminal trial courts operate that pits the prosecution against the defense.

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Question 14.
The Speedy Trial Act came from the 1974 federal law requiring that proceedings against a defendant in a criminal case begin within a specified period of time.

End of Question 14

Question 15.
Peremptory challenge is the process whereby, according to law and precedent, members of a particular trial jury are chosen.

End of Question 15

Question 16.
Scientific jury selection is the use of correlational techniques from the social sciences to gauge the likelihood that potential jurors will vote for conviction or for acquittal.

End of Question 16

Question 17.
An opening statement is a jury that is isolated from the public during the course of a trial and throughout the deliberation.

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Question 18.
Evidence is anything that is useful to a judge or jury in deciding the facts of a case.

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Question 19.
Real evidence is evidence that, if believed, directly proves a fact.

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Question 20.
Probative value is the degree to which a particular item of evidence is useful in, and relevant to, proving something important in a trial.

End of Question 20

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