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Historical Development
Fill in the Blanks

1 .       The sheriff was commonly referred to as the _______. [Hint]

  king's steward
  king's cop
  king's assistant
  king's manager


2 .       The coroners in early England were _______ officials. [Hint]

  representative
  minor
  appointed
  elected


3 .       Since 1886, control over the sheriff has rested with the _______. [Hint]

  state attorney general
  state governor
  county electorate
  county commissioners


4 .       The disuse of the "hue and cry" is due to the appointment of the _______. [Hint]

  sheriff
  constable
  justice of the peace
  coroner


5 .       In the 20th century, constables still did not receive ________. [Hint]

  training
  supervision
  pay
  vehicles


6 .       The duties of the coroner included oversight of the interests of the English Crown, not only in criminal matters, but also in _______ matters as well. [Hint]

  fiscal
  personal
  political
  medical


7 .       The primary debate over the office of coroner has centered upon the _______ needed to hold office. [Hint]

  number
  training
  amount of experience
  qualifications


8 .       The justice of the peace duty that led to corruption and criticism was the _______. [Hint]

  arresting of misdemeanor offenders
  the execution of warrants
  granting of bail to felons
  arresting of felons


9 .       One of the most colorful justices of the peace in America was _______. [Hint]

  Wild Bill Hickock
  Judge Roy Bean
  Buffalo Bill
  Judge Bat Masterson


10 .       One of the legacies of the colonial period was the onset of the _______. [Hint]

  development of scientific criminology
  theory of crime prevention
  professionalism of policing
  centralized control of the police


11 .       Henry Fielding was vehemently opposed to _______. [Hint]

  the death penalty
  decentralized policing
  use of uniforms by the police
  crime prevention


12 .       Patrick Colquhoun believed that government could, and should, _______. [Hint]

  have unpaid police officers
  enforce tradition
  regulate people's behavior
  tax the public to pay for the police


13 .       Peel saw that the poor quality of policing in England contributed to _______. [Hint]

  the rise of communism
  a demand for strong laws
  retribution
  social disorder


14 .       Peel believed that the _______ would best prove the efficiency of the police. [Hint]

  number of arrests
  absence of crime
  time to respond to a crime
  number of crimes solved


15 .       Wearing a uniform was an important issue in American policing because to not do so negated one of the basic principles of _______. [Hint]

  order maintenance
  law enforcement
  patrol
  crime prevention


16 .       The carrying of firearms by American police was _______ the general public. [Hint]

  calmy objected to by
  vehemently opposed by
  immaterial to
  generally accepted by


17 .       An early form of "Internal Affairs" developed in American policing during the _______. [Hint]

  1940s
  1900s
  1890s
  1850s


18 .       _______ were created to eliminate patronage and ward off influences in hiring and firing police officers. [Hint]

  New bureaucracies
  New police departments
  Civil service systems
  Professional police chiefs


19 .       The major thrust of police professionalization had been to insulate the police from _______. [Hint]

  politics
  the people
  civil suit
  each other


20 .       Chief William H. Parker viewed urban society as a(n) ________, needing the restraining hand of the police. [Hint]

  arena
  jungle
  football game
  battlefield






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