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Below is an Overview of the Online Study Guide for Elementary Education Subtest I. It describes the content domains covered on this test. Discussions of each competency addressed on this test can be found by clicking on the chapters in the left-hand navigation bar. After reading the Overview, you might want to begin your study by first going through the Diagnostic Test Items (also found in the left-hand navigation) and then working through the chapters and exercises on each of the competencies.

Elementary education is a crucial and defining stage in every person’s academic journey. One of the most challenging and most rewarding tasks of effective educators at this level continues to be the teaching of foundational knowledge and skills that will prepare students to become successful learners and engaged members of contemporary society.

The Elementary Education Subtest I requires examinees to demonstrate that they have and can apply the content knowledge that they need to be effective educators. The test content covers reading, English language arts, and social studies. The closely-related areas of reading and English language arts include concepts related to emergent literacy, development of phonics, word analysis, fluency, reading comprehension, vocabulary skills, critical reading, and effective written and oral communication. The area of social studies includes fundamental concepts related to government, economics, U.S. and world history, and geography, as well as major concepts and processes of social studies inquiry.

The test covers the following content:

Content Domain I: Reading and English Language Arts

Content Domain I focuses on the processes of linguistic communication and on how children develop the ability to communicate effectively. It deals with two major components of the communication process: (1) the ability of a child to transmit meaning through talking and writing and (2) the ability of a child to interpret meaning through listening and reading.

Questions address the foundations of literacy development including the stages of language development and factors that affect emergent literacy. Questions also cover critical skills of listening comprehension and the five core elements of reading instruction including phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and reading comprehension. Some questions will cover strategies for teaching these five critical components of literacy instruction. In addition, some questions will address the characteristics and practical uses of literary, informational, persuasive, and functional texts as well as graphic sources. Additional questions will focus on the processes, conventions, and modes of written and oral communication.

Content Domain II: Social Studies

Content Domain II focuses on the need for substantial understanding of and appreciation for the unique content, concepts, theories, and investigative approaches associated with history and the social sciences.

Questions address fundamental concepts related to the social sciences including the principles, structures, and functions of government and economics. Some questions will cover major events, eras and conflicts related to U.S. and World history. Additional questions will cover basic concepts related to geography and the interactions of humans and the environment.

The chart below summarizes the coverage of competencies among the content domains.


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