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This activity contains 15 questions.
Based on Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Reasoning, which statement is true about moral development and children's behavior in the classroom?
Children show a high degree of behavior problems in stage 1 because they do no moral thinking.
Children show the highest degree of problems in stage 2 because they subscribe to the rationale, "You hit me and I will hit you back."
Children show the highest degree of problem behaviors in stage 4 because they feel that rules are unimportant and they can do as they please.
No relationship has been found between moral stages and children's behavior in the classroom because they are independent developmental domains.
Sadie understands that it is sometimes necessary to modify rules if the change better serves society. At which of Kohlberg's levels of moral development is she functioning?
The sense of right and wrong is most highly associated with what?
According to Kohlberg's theory of moral development, a human being's moral development is a process of what?
progressing through a series of standard stages of levels of morality
gradually internalizing societal values of right and wrong
recognizing the things that can benefit other people and what can cause harm to others
progressing through hierarchical levels in which an individual develops the ability to regulate emotions
Ms. Ossi solicits and receives significant input from her students on her classroom rules. "These are what we have agreed upon," she emphasizes, "so it is important that we all honor them as the guidelines for our behavior in this class. This will help us all learn as much as we can." According to Kohlberg's theory, Ms. Ossi is likely to be most successful if she teaches students in what grade?
Which teacher is most clearly promoting moral development in his or her students?
Mr. Smith constantly points out moral dilemmas of history to his students and engages them in discussion as much as possible.
Mr. Ramon focuses his attention on the effects that his students' misbehavior will have on themselves.
Ms. Snead does not give her students reasons for why some behaviors are wrong and others are right.
Ms. Drew does not intervene when her students misbehave, thus, they learn to work out problems amongst themselves.
Which teacher best exemplifies induction?
Ms. Wiezel, who starts off class every year going through her classroom rules. She specifically explains why it's important not to talk out of turn or bully in her class.
Mr. Holmes, who stays after school each day to listen to his students' beliefs about what constitutes fairness in our society.
Ms. Sanchez, who places her students in time out. She believes that this temporary form of "exile" will help instill society's values in her students.
Mr. Van does not believe in codes of conduct for his classes. He thinks his students can best govern themselves.
Which of the following individuals is displaying intrinsic motivation?
Samantha practices her backstroke because she wants to win the state swimming tournament.
Mario increases his weekly running mileage because he wants to set a personal record in the upcoming cross country meet.
Bethany practices her lay-up because she wants to be voted the season's most valuable player on her basketball team.
Carson lifts weights at the gym every day during the summer because he wants to make the varsity football team in the fall.
Jasmine is in the third grade. She notices one of her classmates receives an extra five minutes of recess for getting a 100% on the weekly multiplication test. Jasmine thinks to herself, "I'm going to study extra hard for next week's multiplication test." This is an example of what?
Jaime, a high school senior, studies very hard. He wants to be the senior class valedictorian because he knows it will help him get into an Ivy League university. This is an example of which goal?
Camelia's fifth grade teacher notices that Camelia calls out the answer without raising her hand more often than usual. The teacher asks Camelia to keep a daily count of how many times she calls out without raising her hand. This is an example of what?
Based on these attributions, which of the following students is most likely to achieve success in the future?
Donna believes that her chemistry experiment didn't yield the expected results because she missed a step.
Pehong believes that his history project received a low grade because his teacher did not make the directions clear enough.
Carlene strongly believes that her notable athletic skills are due to her parents being triathletes and due to the importance they placed on physical fitness.
Nadia believes that getting an "A" on her history test was lucky.
Les had made plans to meet his friends at the swimming pool on Saturday but he decided to stay home and study for his upcoming literature test on Monday. He wants to make sure he earns an A at the end of the semester. He knows he will have another opportunity for swimming the following weekend. This is an example of what self-regulation ability?
Which of the following is a strategy that you would recommend for fostering students' motivation in the classroom?
Expose students to other students of similar ages or backgrounds who are successful models of school performance.
Set up frequent opportunities for students to compete with one another in the classroom.
Focus children's attention on the mastery of assignments rather than the process that leads to mastery.
Comment on children's intelligence and ability levels when you praise their successful work.
Which of the following is a developmental trend in intrinsic motivation?
When Samuel was in the first grade, he believed he was a poor reader compared to his classmates. Now that he is in the fourth grade, Samuel believes he is one of the better readers in the class.
When Henrietta first started kindergarten, she hated going to school. In order to get her to go to school, her mother promised her a pizza every Friday during the weeks she went to school every day. Now that Henrietta is in the fourth grade, she loves school and looks forward to going so she can learn new things to tell her mom.
When Ricky was a second grader, he joined the after-school nature club because he liked to hike in the woods and look for different kinds of spiders and snakes. As a ninth grader, Ricky participates in the after-school nature club because he wants to be a park ranger and he knows he will gain valuable knowledge from his exposure to the local vegetation.
As a first grader, Mary loved painting in art class. In fact, the only thing she would do in art class was paint. As a fifth grader, Mary is more open to trying new things in art class. She now experiments with clay, charcoal, and pastels.
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