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This activity contains 15 questions.
Jerry is conducting a research study to discover whether a new teaching technique will improve the reading comprehension skills of 3
graders. Which of the following samples will best allow Jerry to generalize his results to the population?
A typical third grade classroom from a randomly selected elementary school.
A group of 100 third graders randomly selected from across the state.
A group of 50 third graders randomly selected from Jerry's local elementary school.
A group of 100 third graders from across the state who have been selected based on ethnicity.
Which of the following techniques would be most effective for identifying the reasons that a high school senior chooses not to apply to college?
A questionnaire on which the student indicates reasons for attending or not attending college.
An observation of the student at a college fair.
A test measuring the academic aptitude of the student.
An interview during which the student is asked about his or her plans following graduation.
A research study indicates that individuals with a college education earn more income, on average, than individuals without a college education. Which of the following is an accurate statement?
This is an example of causation, but not correlation.
This is an example of correlation, but not causation.
This is an example of correlation and causation.
This is an example of neither correlation nor causation.
Terry teaches four science classes for eighth graders each day. She wants to see if a new computer simulation will help her students learn science concepts. She cannot randomly assign the students to different classes because the students are already enrolled in certain class periods. Terry uses the computer simulation in two of her four classes. She compares tests results of the two classes that used the computer simulation to the test results of the two classes that did not use the computer simulation. What type of research design did Terry use in her study?
Which of the following statements best describes the role of
It is used to ensure that researchers don't infringe on people's rights.
It is used to ensure that the cost of conducting research is within government limits.
It is used to ensure that research studies are based on appropriate learning theory.
It is used to ensure that groups used in research studies are comparable.
In his college work, Mr. Nathan, now a fifth grade teacher, studied how children in a village in the Sudan were disciplined by the people in the village. He found there were few incidents of misbehavior and, when they did occur, any person in the village was free to correct the infraction. This study is an example of what type of research design?
Which of the following is an example of a naturalistic study?
George uses a rating scale to assess off-task behavior in a classroom.
Leila conducts interviews with teenage mothers to examine their beliefs about parenting.
Pedro compares the GRE scores of graduate students to their grades during the first semester.
June conducts a survey of incarcerated teenagers to collect data regarding their age, family background, and educational history.
A group of researchers wants to study the sleeping patterns of newborn babies who live in urban areas, but the researchers cannot observe these patterns. Which of the following data collection methods would be most appropriate?
Questionnaire completed by parent
Neurological assessment of infants
Performance evaluation of infants
Paper and pencil test completed by parent
Dr. Wolfe wants to know why some children behave more aggressively while playing sports than others. What is the next step that she must follow in the research process?
Design an investigation
Form a hypothesis
Which of the following researchers failed to act ethically when designing a research study?
Sally began her research, collected data that looked promising, and submitted her project to the review board.
Marcos allowed a participant to withdraw from his study after the participant indicated that she was uncomfortable continuing.
Shu-Yi assigned participants pseudonyms, which she used whenever referring to them in her written paper.
Darius spent the first 2 minutes of each research session informing participants of the risks involved.
Ms. Liu is a new teacher who just developed her first test on American history. Ms. Liu asked her colleague who had been teaching for 10 years to check if the content was appropriate for the test. What was Ms. Liu's concern when she asked for her colleague's expert opinion?
Katerina wants to know whether the trait of shyness is stable, over time, among only children. Which of the following research designs would be most appropriate for this study?
Which of the following is an example of a quasi-experimental research design?
Children in a class are randomly assigned to two groups. One group receives direct instruction in reading comprehension, and the other group is provided instruction through a whole language technique. The reading scores of the two groups are compared at the end of the year.
A program using direct instruction to teach reading comprehension skills is implemented in a fifth grade classroom. A fifth-grade classroom at a school across town is selected as the control group, and does not receive the instruction. The reading comprehension levels of students in both classes are measured for the next three months.
Students in an eleventh grade class are observed for four weeks to determine whether or not girls demonstrate better reading comprehension skills than boys.
In a laboratory setting, participants are randomly assigned to two groups. One group watches a video that provides suggestions for improving reading comprehension. The other watches no video. Both groups are assessed on their reading comprehension skills.
Dolan completed a correlational study regarding teenagers and smoking. She found a high correlation between smoking more than a pack a day and skipping class at least twice a week. In her research report Dolan concluded that smoking more than a pack a day causes students to skip class and that stronger efforts should be made to keep students in class. What, if anything, is wrong with Dolan's research report?
Dolan forgot to present strong evidence for the link between smoking and skipping class.
Dolan forgot that correlational research does not provide cause and effect conclusions.
Dolan forgot to include a wide range of situations including non-smokers, smokers, and honor students.
Nothing is wrong with Dolan's study.
Amanda was observing a group of 12-year-olds when one child, Errol, told another child, Steven, that he wasn't smart. Amanda then observed Steven push Errol. In her observational notes, Amanda wrote "I understand why Steven got angry. I also hate to be challenged in front of my peers." Amanda's writing is an example of what?
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