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This activity contains 15 questions.
Which of the following children is undergoing the best example of a non-developmental change?
Thirteen-year-old Sally is undergoing a growth spurt.
Five-year-old Tommy begins to role-play after months of talking only about himself.
Amy falls and breaks her arm.
Six-year-old Ben clearly understands the difference between 'right and wrong' after months of confusion.
Which one of the following examples illustrates the issue of nature versus nurture in development?
Dr. Berg believes that some developmental changes occur in almost every child, whereas Dr. Wood believes that developmental changes are highly unique from one individual to the next.
Dr. Base thinks that children develop in a steady and continuous fashion, whereas Dr. Fitzgerald believes that children mostly develop in stages, in which development is rapid at times and slow at times.
Dr. Hepburn thinks that the course of children's development is largely predetermined at birth, whereas Dr. Tracy thinks that how children develop is influenced by children's home lives and educational experiences.
Dr. Bogart believes that 8-year-olds think in very different ways than 14-year-olds do, whereas Dr. Ball believes that the two age groups are quite similar.
Which of the following is not an example of quantitative versus qualitative change in development?
Dr. Newman believes that some developmental changes occur in all children, whereas Dr. Woodward believes that developmental changes are highly unique from one individual to the next.
Dr. Base thinks that the length of adolescence is the same in every culture, whereas Dr. Fitzgerald thinks that the concept of adolescence varies across cultures.
Dr. Hepburn thinks that children progress through a series of phases as they learn to read, whereas Dr. Tracy thinks that each child arrives at literacy by way of a unique path.
Dr. Bogart believes that 6-year-olds think in very different ways than 12-year-olds do, whereas Dr. Bald believes that the only difference between the two age groups is how much they know.
Which one of the following best illustrates a probable environmental influence on physical development?
Tina is the youngest of six children.
Sara does not receive adequate nutrition from her meals at home.
Harry's mother reads to him every evening.
Alice lives in a low-income neighborhood and is bused in to school each week day.
Jane switched from teaching middle school English to high school English. She has noticed that the high school students think very differently from her former middle school students. Jane's new students are able to reason abstractly whereas her former students seemed more concrete in their thinking. Which theoretical perspective is Jane using to describe her observations?
Which theory would be the most helpful in studying the influence of family, peers, and community on learning and development?
Ecology / Socio-historical theory
Which theory would be the most helpful when studying the recollection and recall of information?
Information retrieval theory
Information processing theory
Metacognition processing theory
Which of the following contexts would have the greatest effect on the development of a child?
Marge is the youngest of three in a wealthy family.
Ned has always been seen as a "loner." He does not enjoy interacting with adults or his peers.
Matilda's great-grandparents immigrated to the United States from Iran.
Amy's parents are devout Catholics. Amy prefers not to attend church.
A teacher observes her students as they gather in groups on the playground during recess. All the girls from the class are jumping rope together. All the boys have gathered together to take turns throwing and catching a football. What is the age group of the children described in this scenario?
Ms. Holmes believes that effective teachers are those who adapt curriculum and instruction according to the ages and abilities of their students. She is thinking about learning from what perspective?
developmental systems theory
quantitative developmental change
developmentally appropriate practice
Terry studied an extra hour for her arithmetic test because she wanted to receive another sticker depicting a happy face like the one she received on her last test. The scenario just described is an example of what theory?
Which of the following best exemplifies the universality of human development?
Ellen, a five-year-old, holds up a banana and pretends it's a cell phone.
As Luis approached the age of six, he was given the responsibility of carrying food to the market to be sold.
Thomas, age nine months, learns to crawl before he learns to walk.
Lori, an adolescent, begins to accompany her parents to war protest meetings.
Which of the following assertions about stage theories is accurate?
Stage theories refer to the stages of development in the physical domain.
Stages theories are hierarchical: each stage serves as a building block for the next.
Stage theories have been consistently supported by research.
Stage theories emphasize quantitative over qualitative change.
Cindy is at an extremely creative point of her life. She is role playing and quickly learning more words every day. Into which age bracket does Cindy most likely fall?
Mr. Fox is a teacher who applies his knowledge of developmental systems theory to his classroom. Which of the following practices does he follow?
Mr. Fox focuses primarily on his students' achievement during the present school year.
Mr. Fox believes that nature affects his students much more than nurture.
Mr. Fox recognizes that students experience and synthesize life events.
Mr. Fox avoids looking for trends of development in his students.
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