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Home  arrow Chapter 52  arrow NCLEX® Review

NCLEX® Review

This activity contains 10 questions.

Question 1.
Which individual would least likely suffer from a disturbance in fluid volume, electrolyte, or acid-base balance?

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Question 2.

An elderly patient was hydrated with lactated Ringer's solution in the emergency room for the last hour. During the most recent evaluation of the patient by the nurse, a finding of a rapid bounding pulse and shortness of breath were noted. Reporting this episode to the physician, the nurse suspects that the patient now shows signs of:

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Question 3.

A client taking lasix (furosemide) for congestive heart failure is seeing the physician for a potassium value of 3.0. An order for oral potassium taken daily is written and discussed with the client. In addition, potassium-rich foods should be eaten. The nurse educator meets with this client and has the client identify all of the following foods as potassium-rich except:

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Question 4.
Edema that forms in clients with kidney disease is due to:

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Question 5.

A client suffering from a narcotic overdose is seen in the Emergency Department. The client is confused, with warm, flushed skin, headache, and weakness. Vital signs of noted are T 102.6, HR 128, R 24, and BP 130/86. A blood gas analysis sample was drawn on room air, and the results are as follows: pH 7.33, PaCO2 53, PaO2 72, HCO3 24. This client is at risk for:

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Question 6.
Measurements related to fluid balance of clients that a nurse can initiate without a physician's order include:

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Question 7.
The nurse has been invited to discuss "the importance of promoting a good fluid and electrolyte balance in children" for a group of parents at the local school parents club meeting. Of the following actions, which is not representative of this topic?

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Question 8.

The nurse is admitting a new client, 80 years old, with congestive heart failure into your home health agency. The following assessment findings have been determined after meeting the client: overweight but no gain since the client left the hospital two days ago; VS: T 99.0, HR 100, R 22, BP 130/86. Foods eaten include canned soup at each meal, ham, and cheese. When completing the care plan for this client, the nurse should include which of the following nursing diagnosis:

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Question 9.
Within the question text below, there is one text entry field where you can enter your answer.

The results of an arterial blood gas are as follows: pH: 7.5, PaCO2: 50, PaO2: 88, HCO3: 28; Base excess: +5. Evaluate the acid-base imbalance.  

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Question 10.
Following surgery, the client requires a blood transfusion. The main reason the nurse wants to complete the unit transfusion within a four-hour period that blood:

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