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NCLEX® Review



This activity contains 15 questions.

Question 1.
Which would the nurse not list as a purpose of the nursing code of ethics when discussing it with a group of new employees?


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Question 2.
When trying to make a responsible ethical decision, what should the nurse understand as the basis for ethical reasoning?


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Question 3.
A nurse working in the Emergency Department is asked to care for an openly gay client with AIDS. The nurse tells her supervisor that caring for the client is against her religious beliefs, and asks if she must take the assignment. Does this nurse have a moral obligation to care for the client?


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Question 4.
A fully alert and competent 89-year-old client is in end-stage liver disease. The client says, "I'm ready to die," and refuses to take food or fluids. The family urges the client to allow the nurse to insert a feeding tube. What is the nurse's moral responsibility?


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Question 5.
Which act would the nurse consider passive euthanasia?


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Question 6.
A client with cancer has decided against further treatment. Which nursing action would be most helpful?


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Question 7.
A client asks you not to tell his wife that he has cancer. He does not want to burden her with this information. What would be the most appropriate response by the nurse?


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Question 8.
The nurse notes that a client has a slight red rash after taking a dose of an antibiotic. What action by the nurse would demonstrate the moral principle of nonmaleficence?


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Question 9.
A mentally competent client with end-stage liver disease continues to consume alcohol after being informed of the consequences of this action. What action best illustrates the nurse's role as a client advocate?


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Question 10.
Which of the following terms are moral principles?
Select all that apply.


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Question 11.

A client with a low postoperative hemoglobin and hematocrit levels refuses a potentially life saving blood transfusion. When questioning the client about the refusal, the client states, "I know about the risks of AIDS and hepatitis and do not want a blood transfusion." The physician enters the room and begins to coerce the client to accept the blood transfusion. The nurse's best response would be:

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Question 12.
A 43 year-old client with end stage ovarian cancer is admitted to the hospital with a bowel obstruction. The client in a tremendous amount of pain, states, "please give me enough morphine to kill me." The nurse's best response would be:


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Question 13.
A famous actress has had plastic surgery. The media contacts the nurse on the unit and asks for information about the surgery. The nurse knows:


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Question 14.

The nurse did not follow hospital procedure and hung a unit of blood on the wrong client. The client had an anaphylactic reaction and the team is called in for emergency treatment. During the resuscitation, the nurse does not reveal that the wrong blood was given. Which moral principles were violated?
Select all that apply.

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Question 15.
Which term is defined as answerable to oneself and others for one's own actions?


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