- Describe factors that affect the vital signs and accurate measurement of them.
- Identify the normal ranges for each vital sign.
- Identify the variations in normal body temperature, pulse, respirations, and blood pressure that occur from infancy to old age.
- Describe factors influencing the body's heat production and loss.
- Compare oral, tympanic, rectal, and axillary methods of measuring body temperature.
- Describe appropriate nursing care for alterations in body temperature.
- Identify nine sites used to assess the pulse and state the reasons for their use.
- List the characteristics that should be included when assessing pulses.
- Explain how to measure the apical pulse and the apical-radial pulse.
- Describe the mechanics of breathing and the mechanisms that control respirations.
- Identify the components of a respiratory assessment.
- Differentiate systolic from diastolic blood pressure.
- Describe five phases of Korotkoff's sounds.
- Describe various methods and sites used to measure blood pressure.
- Discuss measurement of blood oxygenation using pulse oximetry.
- Identify when it is appropriate to delegate measurement of vital signs to unlicensed assistive personnel.