The National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse found at http://www.niddk.nih.gov gives the following overview of kidney stones:
Kidney stones, one of the most painful of the urologic disorders, are not a product of modern life. Scientists have found evidence of kidney stones in a 7,000-year-old Egyptian mummy. Unfortunately, kidney stones are among the most common disorders of the urinary tract; more than 1 million cases were diagnosed in 1996. An estimated 10 percent of people in the United States will have a kidney stone at some point in their lives. Men tend to be affected more frequently than women.
Most kidney stones pass out of the body without any intervention by a physician. Stones that cause lasting symptoms or other complications may be treated by various techniques, most of which do not involve major surgery. Also, research advances have led to a better understanding of the many factors that promote stone formation
Go to this website. Left click on Kidney under Health Information. Double click on Kidney and Urological Diseases. Scroll down the Kidney & Urologic Diseases topics list and left click on Kidney Stones. Next, left click on Kidney Stones in Adults. Use the information on this webpage to write a summary of the following topics:
* What is a Kidney Stone?
* What Causes Kidney Stones?
* What Are the Symptoms?
* How Are Kidney Stones Diagnosed?
* How Are Kidney Stones Treated?
* Surgical Treatment