Analogy – Comparison based on a resemblance of things otherwise unlike.
Argument – A set of connected ideas, supported by examples, made by a writer to prove or disprove a point.
Assumption – A judgment, generalization, or bias influenced by experience and values.
Bias – A preference or inclination, especially one that prevents even-handed judgment.
Brainstorming – Letting your mind free-associate to come up with different ideas or answers.
Critical Thinking (also known as analytic thinking) – the process of gathering information, analyzing it in different ways, and evaluating it for the purposes of gaining understanding, solving a problem, or making a decision.
Fact – information presented as objectively real and verifiable.
Opinion – a belief, conclusion, or judgment that is inherently difficult, and sometimes impossible, to verify.
Perspective – A characteristic way of thinking about people, situations, events, and ideas.