After reading this chapter, you should be able to:
- Describe the incidence, morbidity and mortality of anaphylaxis.
- Identify the risk factors most predisposing to anaphylaxis.
- Discuss the anatomy and physiology of the organs and structures related to anaphylaxis.
- Discuss the pathophysiology of allergy and anaphylaxis.
- Describe the common routes of substance entry into the body.
- Define allergic reaction, anaphylaxis, antigen, antibody and natural and acquired immunity.
- List common antigens most frequently associated with anaphylaxis.
- Discuss human antibody formation.
- Describe the physical manifestations of anaphylaxis.
- Identify and differentiate between the signs and symptoms of an allergic reaction and anaphylaxis.
- Explain the various treatment and pharmacological interventions used in the management of allergic reactions and anaphylaxis.
- Correlate abnormal findings in assessment with the clinical significance in the patient with an allergic reaction or anaphylaxis.
- Given several pre-programmed and moulaged patients, provide the appropriate assessment, care and transport for the allergic reaction and anaphylaxis patient.