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Prisons (1800 to the Present)
Fill in the Blank

1 .       The _____ prison used a design that kept prisoners in isolation cells with enclosed exercise yards outside. [Hint]

  Eastern
  Auburn
  Elmira
  Alcatraz
  San Quentin


2 .       The type of prison system associated with congregate labor in shops, the rule of silence, and inside cells was the _____. [Hint]

  Australian
  Alabama
  Attica
  Altoona
  Auburn


3 .       The prison official, warden of both Auburn and Sing Sing, who is called the father of prison discipline in America was _____. [Hint]

  J. Edgar Hoover
  Marquis de Sade
  Frank Mortimer
  Elam Lynds
  Alexander Maconochie


4 .       The origin of the term "penitentiary" lies in the word _____. [Hint]

  pen, as in an enclosure or cage
  Penn, as in William Penn of Pennsylvania
  penchant, as in a fondness for crime
  penitent, as in being sorry for having done wrong
  penates, as in the household gods of the ancient Romans


5 .       Alexander Maconochie was an influential prison official in the _____ prison system. [Hint]

  federal
  New York
  Massachusetts
  Virginia
  British


6 .       Elmira, New York, is famous in prison history as the home of the first _____. [Hint]

  electric chair
  prison riot
  women's prison
  reformatory


7 .       The principal opposition to convict labor in the industrial prison era came from _____. [Hint]

  foreign manufacturers
  prisoners' families
  organized labor
  church officials
  prison wardens


8 .       The first director of the Federal Bureau of Prisons was _____. [Hint]

  Sanford Bates
  Louis Dwight
  Edgar Hoover
  Zebulon Brockway
  Lewis Lawes






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