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Multiple Choice Questions

This activity contains 25 questions.

Question 1.
Systematic change in the mental processes that underlie all learning and performance is referred to as:

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Question 2.
According to Piagetian theory, cognitive development is influenced by all of the following EXCEPT:

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Question 3.
In Piaget’s theory of development, mental processing is considered to be constrained by two influences:

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Question 4.
When a child repeatedly taps the stuffed toy in her bed to make it play music, the child has reached which substage of the sensorimotor period?

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Question 5.
Which of the following advancements would be new to a child reaching the preoperational stage?

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Question 6.
According to Piaget, the middle childhood years bring a new set of skills, concrete operations, that:

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Question 7.
In contrast to the elementary school child, an adolescent who has developed formal operational thought can:

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Question 8.
According to Vygotsky, cognitive development depends on:

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Question 9.
Vygotsky’s emphasizes the importance of a more experienced other who serves as a guide to provide _____ for the learner.

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Question 10.
The task that an individual can accomplish only with the assistance of a more experienced person represents the learner’s:

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Question 11.

Which educational psychologist would most likely submit the following personal ad? I like long conversations with one other person who allows me to learn at my peak ability. I enjoy doing the crossword puzzle with someone who is slightly better than I am so I can learn from their skills. I frequently talk aloud to myself and appreciate when others do the same. If interested in providing me with support, and being supported in return, please respond to this ad.
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Question 12.
Sammy wants to pour the milk on his cereal all by himself. When Mommy starts to pour the milk he puts his hands over the bowl and shouts, “No, ME do it!” Sammy is MOST LIKELY in Erikson’s ____ stage, and is approximately ___ years old.

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Question 13.
According to Erikson, successful resolution of the “identity vs. role confusion” conflict faced in adolescence leads to which of the following virtues?

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Question 14.

Susan’s children are all married and living a good distance from home. Susan works as a legal secretary, and most of what she earns goes into college funds for her 2 grandchildren. Her own children lead busy lives, with friends and work activities occupying most of their time, so Susan volunteers one evening each week at the Children’s Hospital, reading bedtime stories to the young children there. Susan is BEST classified as fitting into Erikson’s ________ stage.
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Question 15.
According to Erikson, ____ is “the ability to fuse one’s identity with someone else’s without fear you’re going to lose yourself.”

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Question 16.

Rachel joined the Olympic gymnastic team when she was 13. She has been a gymnast all of her life and has not considered other options. Now, at the age of 26, Rachel has severely injured her knee and can no longer compete. She finds that she doesn’t have an identity beyond that associated with gymnastics. Which of the following statements would Erikson most likely make?
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Question 17.
According to Bronfenbrenner’s ecological perspective, the influence of important social forces on a person who has no direct contact with them represents the:

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Question 18.
Consider the educational trends discussed in Chapter 1. Which of Bronfenbrenner’s systems influenced incremental trends that continue to increase, such as information?

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Question 19.
A child has a good day at school and goes home and shares that excitement with his or her parents. This represents the influence of which system?

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Question 20.
A child who says it is wrong to steal because she might get caught would be in Kohlberg’s ______ stage.

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Question 21.
A teenager who begins using alcohol because all his friends are doing it is probably in Kohlberg’s _____ stage.

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Question 22.
Critics of Kohlberg claim that his theory reflects all of the following EXCEPT:

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Question 23.
At what level of moral development are the rules and standards of society internalized and held as one’s own?

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Question 24.
Recent research involving Kohlberg’s and Piaget’s theories of moral reasoning suggest that:

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Question 25.
Carol Gilligan claims that men and women score at different levels on Kohlberg’s moral dilemmas because:

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