- Describe conditions for which IV fluid therapy may be indicated.
- Explain how changes in the osmolality or tonicity of a fluid can cause water to move to a different compartment.
- Compare and contrast the use of colloids and crystalloids in IV therapy.
- Explain the importance of electrolyte balance in the body.
- Explain the pharmacotherapy of sodium and potassium imbalances.
- Discuss common causes of alkalosis and acidosis and the medications used to treat these disorders.
- Describe the nurse’s role in the pharmacological management of fluid balance, electrolyte, and acid–base disorders.
- For each of the classes listed in Drugs at a Glance, know representative drugs, and explain the mechanism of drug action, primary actions, and important adverse effects.
- Categorize drugs used in the treatment of fluid balance, electrolyte, and acid–base disorders based on their classification and mechanism of action.
- Use the Nursing Process to care for clients who are receiving drug therapy for fluid balance, electrolyte, and acid–base disorders.